Terrace gardening and Hydroponics

“Terrace gardens are green areas built on the roofs of industrial, commercial, and residential buildings. They are established to provide ornamental, fresh food supply, temperature control, water-related benefits, enhancement of habitat value, wildlife habitat, and recreational opportunities, among others.

Terrace gardens are a great alternative to ditching traditional farming in favor of urban farming. They provide food and employment to city dwellers with potential benefits such as contributing to nutrition and developing urban gardens, reducing the impact of urban heat, reducing transportation costs, and reducing wastage from long food transportation chains.

Advantages of terrace garden: – Increasing the level of insulation (covering) on buildings reduces household electric costs. – Terrace gardens increase biodiversity by providing habitat for birds, butterflies and insects.

Components of Terrace Garden: – Plants/Vegetation – Cultivation/growth medium – Growing medium – Drainage layer

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Terrace gardens are a great alternative to traditional farming, providing food and employment to city dwellers while reducing the impact of urban heat, transportation costs, and wastage from long food transportation chains

Hydroponics – Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in a soil less medium, using a mineral nutrient solution instead of soil.

Urban waste can be used as fertilizer, reducing environmental pollution and enhancing productivity. Pest and disease control methods include biological controllers like Azospirillum and Pseudomonas, and spraying a solution made from ginger, garlic, and chili paste.

Terrace gardens increase biodiversity by providing habitat for birds, butterflies, and insects, and reduce the daily food expenditure of middle-class urban households.

– Nowadays the risk of food contaminated with pesticides has increased. The use of chemicals, antibiotics, food improvers, hormones etc. can create unknown negative health consequences for consumers.