Proper Handling of Livestock Vaccines

General precautions for the purchase and storage of vaccines: 1. Consult your local veterinary officer before purchasing the vaccine. 2. The guidance of a veterinary officer is essential in determining which vaccine is required for your area. 3. Read and follow the instructions on the medicine labels.

1.In the refrigerator where you store the vaccine use a thermometer to check the temperature. 2. Only buy vaccines that you can use on time. 3. Check the temperature at least once a week.

1. Check the expiry dates of vaccines while purchasing or receiving them and do not purchase expired vaccines. If you order the vaccine by mail, order. If placing, orders should always be placed on Monday so as to avoid weekly holidays as weekends are not available anywhere.

1. The possibility of temperature changes around the time of vaccination and greatly reduced effectiveness of the vaccine. 2. Refrigerate vaccines that are close to expiry first and use them first.

1. Check the temperature of the shipping cooler, when receiving the vaccine and refrigerate the vaccine immediately.

1. Provide technical training to employees, family members, and others on vaccine administration 2. Contact your distributor immediately if you have any concerns about vaccine administration.

1. Leave the cooler to cool for at least 1 hour before injecting the vaccine. 2. If you are purchasing the vaccine locally, use an extra cool pack or ice pack to keep the vaccine cold.

1. Remove air from syringes and/or guns before injecting the vaccine. 2. Use a needle of the correct gauge and length.

1. Maintain proper cleanliness of equipment. 2. Change the needle before filling a syringe each time.