Organic farming | Definition, History, Methods, Component

Organic farming is a method of obtaining production without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals, using organic fertilizers, mixed cropping, crop rotation, maintaining the fertility of the soil by greening, conservation of natural pest and disease control insects and weed control without the use of chemicals.

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC FARMING 1. Management of crop residues 2. Optimal utilization of natural resources (land, energy, water, air, etc.) 3. Proper cropping system and crop rotation 4. Practical use in agricultural crops 5. Practical use of traditional methods 6. Minimal intervention of market

INTEGRATED NUTRITION SYSTEM 1. Bulk organic fertilizers – Manure – Compost 2. Concentrated organic fertilizer – Vermicompost – Cake – Poultry manure – Bone meal – Press mud

Green Manure – Sun hemp – Guar – Cluster bean – Glyricidia

1Organic fertilizer – Rhizobium – Azotobacter – Azospirillum – Azolla/Blue Green Algae – PSB

Cropping methods – Crop rotation – Mixed cropping method – Selection of fast land covering crops – Maintenance of the proper number of plants – Sowing crops at the right time and in the right way

Biological method – Bio-herbicide – Micro herbicide – Biological control

Edible Cake Groundnut CakeCotton CakeSesame CakeCoconut Cake

To meet the demand for organically produced vegetables, fruits, and grains, farmers must develop innovative inputs and adopt sustainable farming practices.