Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

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Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Introduction-Green gram-Mung Bean 

Name of the cropGreen gram (Moong Bean)
Scientific NameVigna Radiata L
OrderFabales
FamilyFabaceae
GenusVigna
Origin CountryIndia and Central Asia
Major Growing Country in WorldIndia,Myanmar,China, Indonesia, Thailand, Kenya, Tanzania etc
Major growing states in IndiaOdisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, MP, Gujarat, Rajasthan,Uttarpradesh and Bihar

Health Benefits of Green gram:

  • Green gram is useful in maintaining skin health as it contains Vitamin C which helps in collagen production
  • Green gram contains high amount of dietary fibres, which helps in improving digestion and stop constipation
  • Green gram also helpful in weight reduction
  • Green gram is rich source of protein, dietary fibers, potassium, magnesium etc
  • Green gram also helpful in diabetes measurement
  • Green gram helpful in detoxification of human body
  • Regular intake of Green gram also strengthen human bones.

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Green gram Recipes:

  • Green gram is useful in making Salad
  • Green gram is useful in making Curry
  • Green gram is useful in making Pancake
  • Green gram is useful in making Soup
  • Green gram is useful in making Curry with Coconut
  • Green gram is useful in making Vegetable pulao
  • Green gram is useful in making Tikkis

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming


Nutritional Value of Green gram

Approximately nutritional value of 100 grams of raw green gram as under:

Calories346.5 Kcal
Carbohydrates64 g
Protein24 g
Fat1-1.2 g
Vitamin A23 IU
Thiamine0.4 mg
Riboflavin0.2 mg
Niacin1.7 mg
Folate620-622 mcg
Vitamin C8.4 mg
Vitamin E0.6 mg
Vitamin K7 mcg
Calcium132 mg
Iron7 mg
Potassium1245 mg
Selenium5 mcg

 

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Important Facts about Green gram-Mung Bean 

  • Besides being a legume crop, Green gram is very important in intensive cropping system as it ripens in a short period of time and as long as irrigation is available, priority is given to the crop during the summer season in multidirectional cropping system.
  • We also produce and consume the largest number of pulses in the world. According to the criteria of World Health Organization, at least 80 grams per person and the daily requirement is 104 grams of pulses.
  • The per capita availability of pulses which was 69 grams in 1961 has now reached only 32 grams. Lack of protein nutrition increases disease incidence also.
  • The average production of our country (630 kg/ha) is 32.7% less than the average production of pulses in the world (836 kg/ha).
  • So it is imperative that we produce pulses as much as we need.
  • Green gram is harvested in both monsoon and summer seasons. In monsoons, mainly in low rainfall and light soils and as an intercrop, the production is less.
  • Whereas in summer season, due to adequate irrigation facilities and favorable climate as well as less infestation of diseases and pests, an average production of 1200 to 1500 kg per hectare can be obtained.

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming


Selection of land and land preparation for Green gram-Mung Bean 

  • Sufficient amount of organic matter in the soil is necessary for high production of Green gram.
  • If it is not possible to apply manure at the time of sowing of monsoon crops, before the summer season, applying 10 tons of Farm yard manure per hectare and plowing two to three times will mix the Farm yard manure properly in the soil so that the fertility of the soil increases, along with increasing the moisture storage capacity.
  • Sandy loam and paddy soil with high organic content should be selected for mung bean crop.
  • Soils with high pH is not suitable.
  • In the soil which is infested with nematode, the mung bean crop does not grow well in the summer season, so avoid such soil for mung cultivation.

Green gram-Mung Bean Seed Rate and Seed Treatment:

  • By Seed drilling:15-20 kg seed per hectare.
  • By Broadcasting method: 20-21 kg seed per hectare.

Green gram-Mung Bean Seed treatment:

  • To protect the crop from soil and fungal diseases and to maintain sufficient number of plants per unit area, apply Thiram or Carbendazim fungicide at 3.0 g per kg of seed before sowing

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Some varieties of summer green gram and its characteristics

CharacteristicsK-851 VarietyMeha-Variety

 

Number of branches on the plant (average)3.0

 

3.5

 

Number of pods per plant4045
Pod Length (cm)7.76.6
Maturity days65-7065-70
Weight of 100 grains (grams)3.703.60
Grain colorBright greenBright green
Grain sizeMediumMedium
Estimated yield (kg/ha)1000-12001200-1500
Protein (%)22.2322.30
Special characteristicsRecommended for sowing in summer and monsoon. Pods mature at a time. Susceptible to yellow vein mosaic (YVM) diseases.Recommended for sowing in summer and monsoon. Pods mature at a time. Resistant to yellow vein mosaic (YVM) diseases.

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Green gram-Mung Bean Seed treatment with Rhizobium culture

  • Root nodules begin to form through rhizobium bacterium 20 to 25 days after sowing in the roots of pulses,
  • Through these nodules, nitrogen in the air is converted and fixed into nitrogen, required for plant food through rhizobium bacterium, resulting in a significant increase in plant growth and development.
  • Apply 250 grams of rhizobium culture per 8 kg of seeds before sowing.

Green gram-Mung Bean Sowing time:

  • Sowing of summer Green Gram from February 15 to March 15 gives higher production.

Green gram-Mung Bean Sowing distance:

  • Sowing of summer Green gram is 30 cm between two rows.
  • Spacing maintains sufficient number of plants in the area and gives good overall production.

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Green gram-Mung Bean Chemical fertilizers:

  • Application of nitrogen 20 kg per hectare at the time of sowing and 40 kg of phosphorus is given by drilling in rows followed by application of 20 kg of sulfur per hectare increases the production of mung.
  • And the quality of the product improves as the protein content increases.
  • Do not under any circumstances give excessive nitrogenous fertilizer to the mung bean crop.
  • Excess nitrogen causes vegetative growth of plants and relatively late flowering and low production.

Green gram-Mung Bean Irrigation management:

  • First irrigation should be given 25 to 30 days after the beginning of flowering.
  • Excess moisture and high availability of nitrogen prior to the onset of flowering promotes vegetative growth of the plant alone.
  • If the soil is light, irrigate after 20 days and then 3 to 4 irrigations are required at intervals of 10 to 15 days.

Green gram-Mung Bean Weed Control:

  • Crops should be kept weed free for the first 30 days to avoid unnecessary absorption by weeds of essential nutrients and moisture in the soil, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and light in the air for plant growth and development so that crop can be protected from weed-crop competition.
  • After intercropping in this crop, one to two weedings should be done by the labours.
  • If weeding by hand or intercropping is not possible and there is shortage of labour use 1.25 kg Pendimethalin 3.3 litre (Stomp) per hectare dissolved in 500 liters of water after sowing and before seed germination.

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming


Green gram-Mung Bean Crop Protection:

(1) Sucking Pest and whiteflies:

  • Infestation of these pests is seen in the early stages of the Green gram crop.
  • As these insects cause damage by sucking sap from the plant, for its control, spray with absorbent type insecticides such as Dimethoate 0.03 percent or Phosphomidon or Methylo Dimeton 0.04 percent mixed with water.

(2) Pod-eating caterpillar:

  • Infestation of this pest is seen when the pods is sitting in the crop.
  • As this pest damages the kernels in the pod, it is necessary to control it promptly and effectively.
  • Spray Quinalphos 20 ml/10 litre 0.07% insecticide, when the plant begins to flower and then spray at intervals of 10 to 15 days.

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

(3) Yellow Vein Mosaic disease:

  • This disease is more common in pulses and especially in mung.
  • Since the disease is caused by a virus and is spread by a sucking pest.
  • For its control sow disease resistance varieties like MEHA
  • Spray Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 100 ml in 500 lit of water.

Green gram-Mung Bean Harvesting:

  • In the green gram crop, when most of the pods on the plant are ripe and semi-dry, one to two picking of ripe pods is done in the morning.
  • If the last harvesting is not required or all the pods are ripening together, the plants are harvested and spread out in the field to dry, threshed in a thresher or thresher to loosen the pods.

Green gram-Mung Bean Yield:

  • Average summer green gram yield is 12-15 quintal/hectare, if all the agronomical practices followed on time.

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming

FAQs

1. What is the scientific name of Green gram?

Ans: The scientific name of Green gram is Vigna Radiata L

2. What is the family and center of origin of Green Gram?

Ans: Family: Fabaceae Center of Origin: India and Central Asia

3. Major Green gram growing countries in the world?

Ans: India, Myanmar, China, Indonesia, Thailand, Kenya, Tanzania etc are the major green gram growing countries in the world.

4. Major Green gram growing states in the India?

Ans: Odisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, MP, Gujarat, Rajasthan,Uttarpradesh and Bihar are the major green gram growing state in India.

5. What is the Nutritional Value of Green Gram?

Approximately nutritional value of 100 grams of raw green gram as under: Calories:346.5 Kcal Carbohydrates: 64 g Protein:24 g Fat 1-1.2 g Vitamin A 23 IU Thiamine 0.4 mg Riboflavin 0.2 mg Niacin 1.7 mg Folate 620-622 mcg Vitamin C 8.4 mg Vitamin E 0.6 mg Vitamin K 7 mcg Calcium 132 mg Iron 7 mg Potassium 1245 mg Selenium 5 mcg

6. What is the best sowing time of Summer Green gram?

Ans: Sowing of summer Green Gram from February 15 to March 15 gives higher production.

7. What is the best spacing for summer green gram?

Ans: The best spacing for summer green gram is 30 x 15 cm.

8. What are the different Health Benefits of Green Gram?

• Green gram is useful in maintaining skin health as it contains Vitamin C which helps in collagen production • Green gram contains high amount of dietary fibres, which helps in improve digestion and stop constipation • Green gram also helpful in weight reduction • Green gram is rich source of protein, dietary fibers, potassium, magnesium etc • Green gram also helpful in diabetes measurement • Green gram helpful in detoxification of human body • Regular intake of Green gram also strengthen human bones.

9. What is the Average yield of summer green gram per hectare?

Ans: Average summer green gram yield is 12-15 quintal/hectare, if all the agronomical practices followed on time.

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