Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

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Introduction:

Name of FruitPomegranate
Scientific/Botanical NamePunica granatum
FamilyLythraceae
GenusPunica
KingdomPlantae
Origin CountrySouth West Pakistan-Iran and Afghanistan etc
Other NameGrainy apple

Pomegranate Name in Various Indian States:

  1. Pomegranate in Marathi: Dalimb
  2. Pomegranate in Gujarati: Dadam
  3. Pomegranate in Andhrapradesh: Danimma
  4. Pomegranate in Karnataka: Dalimbe Hannu
  5. Pomegranate in Tamilnadu:Madhulai
  6. Pomegranate in Kerala:Matalam
  7. Pomegranate in Punjabi: Anar
  8. Pomegranate in Haryana / Rajasthan / UP / Madhyapradesh / Bihar : Anar
  9. Pomegranate in Assamese/West Bengal: Dalim
  10. Pomegranate in Manipur: Kaphoi

ALSO Read…..Frequently asked questions-PADDY


Health Benefits of Pomegranate:

  1. Pomegranate is a rich source of antioxidant like ANTHOCYANIN and PUNICALAGINS, which helps in protecting cells from oxidative stress and reduce risk of some chronic diseases.
  2. Pomegranate may improve health of heart by improving blood cholesterol level in human
  3. Pomegranate helps in reducing blood pressure
  4. The antioxidant present in pomegranate prevent buildup of plaque in arteries.
  5. Pomegranate has Anti Inflammatory properties.
  6. Pomegranate also helps in prevent Cancer
  7. Pomegranate enhance immune system of human
  8. Pomegranate has low calories and fibrous content helps in management of human weight
  9. Pomegranate helps in Diabetes Management
  10. Pomegranate helps in prevention of some fungal and bacterial disease.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Growing Major Countries in world

  • India
  • Iran
  • Turkey
  • Spain
  • Morocco
  • Afghanistan
  • China
  • France
  • Japan
  • Tunisia
  • Egypt
  • Syprus
  • Armenia
  • African Countries
  • United States

Pomegranate Growing Major State in India

  • Maharashtra-Major
  • Gujarat
  • Rajasthan
  • Karnataka
  • Punjab
  • Haryana
  • Uttar Pradesh etc

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)


Weather requirement for Pomegranate

  • Pomegranate is a temperate zone crop. This crop can be grown easily in all the districts of India except the heavily rained areas of India.
  • Pomegranate crops prefer cold winters and hot dry summers.
  • Warm and sunny weather is preferred during fruit development and fruit ripening stages.

Soil requirement for Pomegranate

  • Pomegranate crop prefers medium black and light soils.
  • But it can also grow in light sandy and shallow soil.
  • Heavy Black soil is not suitable for POMEGRANATE FARMING, because heavy black soil does not release moisture quickly, as a result, the plant does not get rest, and as the twelve months increase, it sets less flowers and fruits.
  • Pomegranate crop can tolerate moderate salinity.
  • Suitable Soil PH: 5 to 8.0 is favorable for POMEGRANATE FARMING.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)


ALSO Read…..Ber Fruit Farming Cultivation Guide Details


Different Varieties of Pomegranate

There are many varieties of pomegranate, but major varieties grown in India and rest World as under:

  • GANESH:
  • This is a famous breed of Maharashtra state. Its fruits are large (400-500 grams), peel color is pinkish yellow, attractive, and seeds are small, juicy and pink in color.
  • As this variety cannot tolerate high heat, the color of the seeds does not come properly and the seeds inside turn black and rot.
  • Average yield/production 8-10 kg per plant.
  • RUBY:
  • This pomegranate variety developed by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hisarghatta (Bangalore).
  • RUBY is a first hybrid variety of pomegranate.
  • The fruits of this variety are reddish brown in color with green stripes on top.
  • The seeds are soft and ruby in color.
  • Its seeds are dark red in winter and dark pink in summer.
  • MRIDULA:
  • This variety has been released from Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (Maharashtra).
  • This is a hybrid variety. This variety is developed by crossing Ganesh and Gul-e-Shah Red.
  • This variety has medium size, smooth bark and dark red color fruits.
  • Its seeds are dark red in color, juicy and sweet in taste.
  • It is a species that requires more water.
  • The juice has a total soluble solids of 17.8%.
  • PHULE ARAKTA:
  • This variety has been released from Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (Maharashtra).
  • The rind of the fruit of this variety is bright dark red in color, fruit is large in size and sweet in taste
  • The seeds are small and dark red in color.
  • SINDURI/KESAR:
  • This variety is released by Mahatma Phule Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (Maharashtra).
  • The color of the peel and seeds of this variety is saffron.
  • Fruit rind thick, fruits moderately large, seeds slightly hard to chew.
  • Due to the thick skin of the fruit, it is suitable for export and long distance market.
  • Its fruits are on an average of 300-400 grams in weight.
  • Fruits are ready in 180-190 days.
  • Average production per plant is 30 kg.
  • You can harvest 40 kg per plant, if given better care and follow all the agronomical practices.
  • WONDERFUL:
  • Fruit is large in size, red in color and sweet in flavor
  • Widely cultivated variety amongst all
  • SPANISH RUBY:
  • This variety has reddish-orange skin
  • Known for its juicy, deep red arils that burst with color.
  • RED ANGEL:
  • Light pink skin and deep red arils
  • Sweet in taste
  • PURPLE HEART:
  • Dark purple skin
  • Attractive appreance
  • RED HEART:
  • Heart Shaped appreance
  • Known for its unique shape
  • MOLLA DE XERTA:
  • Spanish Variety
  • Seeds are soft and having excellent taste
  • Use for making Juice
  • EVERSWEET:
  • Sweeter fruits as it has lack of tartness

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Propagation of Pomegranate:

Pomegranate is propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafting and by tissue culture method

  • By seeds:
  • Pomegranate plants can be propagated by sowing seeds from mature pomegranate fruit.
  • But even though the plants are propagated from the seeds of the same tree in this way, there is a lot of variation in the quality and production of its trees and fruits.
  • By Graft:
  • The plants produced by this method are similar to the mother plant in its productive power and fruit quality.
  • This means that all the fruits of the trees raised by this method have the same production power and quality.
  • By Cutting:
  • This method is very cheap and easy. Most horticulturists prepare plants by this method.
  • The time from February to August is favorable for preparing plants using cutting method.
  • Select disease free branches, take a good quality one-year-old pencil-sized branch and cut 10 cm portion from it. and make slices from it lengthwise.
  • Let half of the cutting go into the soil and press the soil around it well.
  • If sow in a plastic bag, take a black polythene bag of 10-15 cm size. Make holes in its lower part for excess water drainage and aeration
  • Take well decomposed Farm yard manure and make a mixture of it.
  • Fill a polythene bag with the mixture, Sow cutting in it to 5 cm deep, and keep the cuttings watered regularly.
  • Cuttings will be ready with roots in about 45 days.
  • After one month it will be ready for planting in the well prepared field.
  • By Air Layering:
  • Costlier than cutting method of propagation.
  • This method is adopted to get bigger plant than cut graft.
  • Selecting disease free branches. Select a one-year-old pencil-thick branch (just above the tree) of a good quality plant.
  • Left lower 5 cm of the branch and then remove the bark above the branch in a ring shape in 2 cm area.
  • Cover this part with black plastic for 3 days. Cover it with sphagnum moss plastic soaked in water.
  • If the water in the sphagnummos is found to be dry, inject water from outside immediately.
  • After the roots have sprouted, separate the shoot from the mother plant at the lower part of the graft.
  • By tissue culture:
  • Pomegranate can also be propagated through seedlings prepared through tissue culture.
  • Plants prepared from tissue culture can be obtained with high quality and uniform size.

ALSO Read…..Elephant Foot Yam Farming


Pomegranate sowing method:

  • Pomegranate should be planted at a distance of 5×5 meters or 6×6 meters.
  • Prepare the layout in the field according to the planting distance in summer and make pits at the place where pomegranate plants are to be planted.
  • Keep the soil from the top half of the pit on one side and the soil from the bottom half on the other side.
  • Allow the pit to heat up in the sun for 15 to 30 days.
  • After that, add 10 kg Farm yard manure per pit along with upper house soil
  • Also use Trichoderma to keep soil free from disease/insect-pests.
  • Sow one graft per pit after good rains in June-July month.
  • If there is no rain after planting, give water as per requirement.

Pomegranate Fertilizer management:

  • Apply 50 kg well decomposed Farm yard manure, 10 kg vermicompost fertilizer, Neem cake 100-150 g/plant.
  • Use organic fertilizers like Azotobacter, Phosphobacteria, Potash bacteria etc.
  • In organic fertilizers, Azotobacter 1 liter + Phosphobacteria 500 ml in 100 liters of water + Potash Bacteria 1 liter + Super Potassium Humic 1 liter + Seaweed (Seaweed Extract) Extract 1 liter apply twice in a year.
  • Use organic materials such as dry leaves, house/agriculture waste as well as easily available materials and organic waste.
  • Green manuring with cluster bean crop before sowing the crop in main field is also beneficial as it add organic matter in the soil.
  • Organic substances have excellent benefits. As such, it prevents water seepage and erosion. Forms the structure of particles in the soil. By increasing the porosity of the soil, the oxygen content in the soil increases.
  • Organic substances also Increases the water storage capacity of the soil. Stores nutrients in the soil. The soil has high levels of various enzymes and endocrine glands. Different organic acids released from the decomposition of organic fertilizers convert the inorganic elements into available forms. Provides food and energy to microorganisms.
  • Also controls changes in soil temperature. Improves saline and alkaline soils.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Water Management:

  • Water is an important factor affecting pomegranate production and fruit quality. Generally,it is a practice to irrigate the pomegranate crop around the plant in a pit.
  • Pit irrigation system requires 108 cm water per hectare.
  • While drip system requires 40 cm/ha of water. Thus 44% water is saved in drip system.
  • Covering sugarcane leaves with drip method saves 64% water.
  • Castor leaves can also be used instead of sugarcane leaves. Black plastic film can also be used for covering.
  • At the time of fruit ripening the peel of the fruit splits, when the tree gets waterlogged. This process is more common in Mrig Bahar. This happens due to changes in soil moisture and weather and boron deficiency.
  • In drip irrigation system, give 10 liters of water alternately in winter and 15 liters in summer to one year old plants.
  • Increase the amount of water as the plant grow.
  • Give 50 liters of water in winter and 75 liters in summer alternately to five-year-old plants.

Pomegranate Inter crop and Weed Management:

  • Short term vegetable crops can be taken during initial period of pomegranate growing.
  • Plowing horizontally and vertically in the standing crop of pomegranate and 2-3 times harrowing in a year.
  • Always keep the pomegranate crop free from weeds.
  • Hand weeding, adoption of conservation farming practices like adaptive crop rotation, use of covers, mechanical control, soil solarization, use of botanicals and biological controls.

Pomegranate special grooming and aftercare

  • Outdoor Grooming:
  • Pomegranate crops have flowering thrice in year.
  • Flowering in December-January is known as Ambe Bahar, June-July as Mrig Bahar and September-October as Hasta Bahar.
  • Cropping in three seasons in pomegranate is not economically and scientifically sound.
  • As the fruits outside the mango come early in the monsoon, the fruits are stained by rain splashes. As a result, the market price is lower.
  • As the flowers in Mrig Bahar grow in the monsoons, pest infestation is high.
  • As the flowers set in Hasta Bahar takes place in winter and early summer and fruits are ready in March-April. Disease and pest infestations are reduced as fruits develop in cool and dry climates. Fruit development is good. The market price is also good. Keeping in mind India’s climate, disease and pest infestation and market price, it is beneficial to harvest pomegranates only in Hasta Bahar. Thus, after harvesting the fruits of March-April and after the cessation of monsoon rains, do not give water till September-October to take the crop outside the Hasta. As a result, there will be good flowering together with fruiting in March-April.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Training:

  • Pomegranate plant is shrub type plant and if allowed to grow naturally, it develops like a bush.
  • Many branches sprout from the lower part of the trunk of the pomegranate plant. Out of these, allow maximum 3 branches to develop as the main trunk and keep cutting the remaining branches.
  • Keep the branches emerging after a height of about 60 cm from the ground.
  • Cultivating plants in this way leads to balanced growth of plants and getting good and abundant fruits due to exposure to air.

ALSO Read…..Indian Bean Farming


Pomegranate Pruning:

  • Periodically remove the suckers emerging from the roots and trunk of the pomegranate plant as these suckers inhibit flower set and development.
  • Prune out dry, diseased and dead branches every year during outdoor grooming.
  • Diseased shoots are always cut 5 cm below from the diseased part.
  • Apart from this, cutting the top shoots 10 to 15 cm length makes flowers and fruits sit longer.
  • Therefore, during the resting period of the tree, i.e., before outdoor grooming (September-October), moderate pruning should be done.
  • Always use secateurs to cut plant branches. Sterilize secateurs after pruning each tree branch.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Crop protection

Pest control

  1. Pomegranate Butterfly (Virachola isocrates):
  • The female of this moth lays eggs on flower buds or small fruits.
  • The caterpillar that hatches from the egg makes a hole in the fruit and enters the developing fruit and eats the seeds.
  • From the hole made by the caterpillar, its tentacles come out and stick around the hole. Through the holes made by the caterpillars, germs and insects that eat the fruit enter so that the fruit rots.
  • If we put such fruits in the market, we don’t get their market price.

Pomegranate Butterfly Control Measures:

  • Remove the weeds plants as it serve as a host for the butterfly.
  • Grow pest resistance varieties
  • Cover the pomegranate fruits with transparent polythene bags during initial period
  • Use light trap as per recommendation by Agriculture University
  • Release suitable Trichogramma spp 1 lakh/ha or as per recommendation by Agriculture University
  • Spray Neem seed kernel extract-2 ml/liter of water during flowering stage
  • Spray insecticides like Malathion 50 EC 0.1% at flowering and fruit stage
  1. Bark-eating caterpillars:
  • The caterpillars of this pest bore holes in the bark of trunks and branches and eat bark.
  • Caterpillars fill the holes during the day. During the night such green bark is eaten by caterpillar.
  • Excreta is clearly seen hanging outside the holes made by the caterpillar.
  • The infested part causes the branch to dry up. Fruits do not sit on such a branch.
  1. Mealy Bug:
  • The larvae and females of this mite are covered with a sheath of waxy filaments.
  • The female of this mite hibernates in a burrow in the bark of the trunk.
  • After the end of the monsoon, the eggs laid by the female come out and climb the trees and suck the sap by staying in groups on the tender parts of the trees and flowers.
  • Due to which production, quality and market price are adversely affected.
  1. Thrips:
  • These mites feed on tender leaves and fruits of pomegranate and suck the juice that is released, causing the leaf tip to dry up and burn. The flower buds dry up.
  1. Whitefly:
  • This pest damages surviving and mature plants by sucking sap from tender parts.
  • Sucking sap from the bud has an adverse effect on the growth of the plant.
  • The leaf becomes coarse and curled. As the quality of the fruit is affected, the market price decreases.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Pest Management:

  • Keeping the orchard clean as a precautionary measure to prevent pest infestation in the pomegranate orchard.
  • Removal of weeds from the field and proper spraying and protection of fruit by paper bag.
  • If the infestation of caterpillars that eat the trunk and branches is found, put a thin rod in the hole made by the caterpillar, kill the caterpillar and close the hole with sticky soil.
  • Cut and destroy infested parts for control of sticky and scaled pests.
  • Cut off the parts of the pomegranate except the trunk that touches the ground.
  • Placing a plastic strap over the trunk can prevent the tick from climbing the tree.
  • To control sucking pest, mix 5% NSKE (500 ml/ 10 liters) with water and spray the trunk and branches of the tree so that they are thoroughly soaked.
  • If an infestation of pomegranate butterfly is found, the damaged fruits should be cut and destroyed along with the caterpillars.
  • During dusk to midnight, trap nets and batteries to catch and destroy them properly. Since sap-sucking plants do damage at night, mist around the garden at dusk and set up light cages as needed.
  • For white flies use a yellow sticky cage.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Diseases and its control

  1. Fungal leaf spot disease:
  • This disease is transmitted by airborne spores of Sarcospora fungus very rapidly during September to November.
  • At the beginning of this disease, light brown spots are seen on the leaves and fruits and black oval spots on the tender feet-branches (twins).
  • A diseased new shoots emerges from the edge of the leaf, such diseased leaves, twigs and new shoots dry up.
  • As the disease progresses, the entire plant dries up/ dies.
  1. Leaf blight:
  • In this disease caused by a microorganism, small irregular shaped spots like fine water are seen on the leaf.
  • The middle dried portion of such a dot looks like a stitch head. Such dots are initially translucent, which later appear as thin watery light rings around a light brown to black dot.
  • A blackish brown patch appears as many droplets accumulate. Such disease caused leaves fall off.
  • If the infestation of such a disease is not stopped, it spreads rapidly in the branches, trunk, and fruit.
  • Brown to black spots appear around the nodes on the trunk, causing the nodes to shrivel and scab over. Eventually the branches break.
  • Oily brown to blackish raised spots appear on the fruit.
  1. Shoot blight:
  • This disease is caused by fungus. At the beginning of this disease, tender young branches dry up.
  • As the extent of the disease increases, the entire plant branches begin to dry up.
  • Gradually the entire plant dries up from top to bottom.
  • Fruits do not set on plants, those that do remain undeveloped.
  • The fruit withers and dries up.
  1. Various spots on leaves and fruits:
  • Fungi like Colletotrichum, Phytophthora and Sarcospora cause light brown spots on leaves and fruits.
  • Black oval dots are seen on the tender foot-branches. A diseased new foot emerges from the edge of the leaf.
  • Regular or irregular round, small, purple or black spots are found on the leaf.
  • Yellow rings of such dots are seen. The leaves turn yellow. Diseased leaves, twigs and new shoots dry up. As the disease progresses, the plant dries up.
  • The black spots on the fruit dry out, causing the skin to harden and the fruit to split.
  1. Fruit spot disease:
  • This is a fungal disease. This disease causes small irregular shaped greenish-yellow bordered spots on the fruit peel, making the fruit unattractive. If there is more infestation, along with the peel of the fruits, the seeds also turn brown.
  1. Fruit Rot:
  • This disease is caused by different types of fungi. In this disease, yellow or black spots appear on the affected fruit.
  • Fruits heavily affected by the disease remain small and wither.
  • The disease is especially prevalent during monsoon days with continuous rain.
  1. Pomegranate Nematode and Its Control:
  • Pomegranate is susceptible to nematode. Pomegranate plants are infected after 1-2 years of planting in the field.
  • Nematode-infested plants do not thrive. Plants remain clumped.
  • If there is a deficiency of nitrogen element, yellow leaves are seen. The edge of the leaf burns slowly. Plants begin to dry up.
  • When plants with such symptoms are picked up along the roots, numerous small and large nodules are seen on the roots.
  • Due to the nematode in the nodules, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and water, so the growth of the plant stops.
  • Flowers are few on the plant and the fruit remains small.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Diseases Control Measures:

  • Insist on bringing seedlings from nurseries that do not have wilt disease.
  • As wilt disease spreads through diseased branches, destroy diseased branches by burning.
  • Always keep the pomegranate orchard clean.
  • Prune and burn diseased branches with a few healthy ones.
  • The nematode is spread through seedlings raised in nurseries. Nematode-free healthy seedlings should be used for planting.
  • Pomegranate should not be planted in such a field if nematode infestation is found in the field.
  • Applying 100 to 150 grams of well-rotted poultry manure per plant also helps control the nematode.
  • Trichoderma Viridi 5 kg/ha and Pseudomonas fluorescens 2.5 kg/ha should be applied for effective disease control.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Important questions and their solution for Pomegranate:

  • Cracking/splitting of Pomegranate Fruits:
  • Many times small unripe fruits of pomegranate split due to boron deficiency.
  • Pomegranate fruits often split at the time of ripening on the tree itself, which is seen due to irregular and insufficient moisture in the soil. This problem is more common in dry areas.
  • However, cracked fruits are sweet. Such fruits rot after long storage. If the fruit is not irrigated for long days at the time of ripening and subsequent watering, water seepage into the fruit leads to irregular development of the skin of the fruit, resulting in cracking of the skin of the fruit.For this, give regular water during fruit development.
  • Blackening of kernels inside the fruit:
  • No damage is seen on the outer part (peel) of the fruit, but on opening the peel of such fruits blackening of the kernels is seen in the lower part.
  • Blackening of grains is not noticed from the outside.
  • This is a complex question. At present the solution to this question is not known.
  • Damage by birds:
  • Birds like parrots and squirrels cause damage by eating or piercing pomegranate fruit.
  • In such damaged fruits, the fruit falls due to rotting.
  • The loss can be reduced by covering the entire area of pomegranate with net.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Fruit picking criteria:

  • Flowering and Fruiting:
  • Grafted pomegranate plants flower within a few months. Pomegranate trees are semi-evergreen to evergreen in warm and temperate climates.
  • This means that the tree does not go dormant and flowers perennially.
  • Flowers usually sitting in a 3 to 5 bunch. There are two types of flowers. Male flowers and bisexual flowers in which male and female organs are located in the same flower.
  • Female flowers are peanut-shaped and large and long, while male flowers are small and short.
  • Both male flowers and female flowers contain pollen. Pollen from female flowers is more fertile than pollen from male flowers.
  • In bisexual flowers, pollen from female flowers sets fruit before pollination from male flowers. Thus pomegranates are mostly self-pollinated and to a lesser extent cross-pollinated.
  • 90% of female flowers bear fruits.
  • Fruits mature in 120 to 130 days after fruiting.
  • Maturity Criteria:
  • Pomegranate fruits are non-climacteric type and are harvested only after full maturity.
  • Harvesting of immature and over-ripe fruits has a negative effect on its quality.
  • 4 to 5 months after flowering, the fruit becomes suitable for harvesting.
  • When the color of the rind of the fruit is pale yellow, the fruit makes a metallic sound when pressed, the fruit turns from round to diced, and the lower part of the fruit closes, then understand that the fruit is ripe.
  • Harvesting of fruits:
  • Fruits are harvested by hand or with secateurs and filled in plastic crate and immediately taken to shade, dust is cleaned from the fruits and fruits damaged by diseases and pests are separated and torn fruits are sorted according to the weight and size of the fruits.
  • Fruit storage:
  • As the pomegranate undergoes slow respiration, the moisture evaporates slowly from the pomegranate. Pomegranate can be stored for 15 days at normal temperature due to its thick skin.
  • Whereas, in cold storage it can be stored for one month at 4.5 degree Celsius temperature and 0-50 degree Celsius temperature  for two months.
  • Pomegranate can also be stored in cold storage at 4.5 degree Celsius temperature and 80-85% relative humidity for several months without any spoilage.

Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Yield:

  • Plants grown from grafts begin to bear fruit from the second year. But it is necessary to control the number of fruits on the tree.
  • As the tree grows, the number of fruits increases each year.
  • 30 to 50 fruits per tree for the first three to five years and
  • 60 to 80 fruits per tree for the sixth to eighth year.
  • On average 10 to 12 tons of fruits are obtained per hectare.

ALSO Read…..Agnihotra Farming


Summary:

Pomegranate is a fruit native to South West Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, known for its antioxidant properties and potential health benefits. Pomegranate plants can be propagated through seeds, cuttings, grafting, and tissue culture methods. Proper care and attention to detail are essential for successful propagation. Pomegranate can be grown at a distance of  5×5 meters or 6×6 meters, with the layout in place. Proper care and attention to detail are essential for successful propagation. Fertilizer management involves applying 50 kg of well-decomposed farm yard manure, 10 kg vermicompost fertilizer, and Neem cake.

Green manuring with cluster bean crop can improve soil quality and prevent water seepage and erosion. Water management is crucial for pomegranate production and fruit quality. Pit irrigation systems require 108 cm water per hectare, while drip systems require 40 cm/ha, saving 44% water. Watering should be increased as the plant grows. Inter crop and weed management practices, such as hand weeding, conservation farming practices, and using botanicals and biological controls, can help maintain the health and market value of pomegranate crops.

Pomegranate fruits can be damaged due to cracking or splitting, blackening of kernels inside the fruit, and damage by birds. Regular watering and proper ripening can address these issues. Pomegranate trees are semi-evergreen to evergreen in warm and temperate climates, with female flowers and male flowers. Fruits mature in 120 to 130 days after fruiting and are harvested only after full maturity. Pomegranate fruits can be stored at normal temperatures for 15 days or at 4.5 degrees Celsius and 80-85% relative humidity for several months without spoilage. On average, 10 to 12 tons of fruits are obtained per hectare.


Pomegranate Farming (Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

Pomegranate Farming(Anar/Dadam/Dalimb)

FAQs:

1. What is the Scientific Name of Pomegranate?

Ans: Scientific Name of Pomegranate/Anar/Dadam is Punica granatum.

2. What are the major Indian states growing pomegranate?

Ans: The major Indian states growing pomegranate are • Maharashtra-Major • Gujarat • Rajasthan • Karnataka • Punjab • Haryana • Uttar Pradesh etc

3. Name different Varieties of pomegranates in India and World?

• GANESH • RUBY • MRIDULA • PHULE ARAKTA • SINDURI/KESAR • WONDERFUL • SPANISG RUBY • RED ANGEL • PURPLE HEART • RED HEART • MOLLA DE XERTA • EVERSWEET

4. How many pomegranates are in 1kg?

Ans: Only 4-5 depends on size of pomegranate.

5. What are the yield of pomegranate per tree or hectare?

Ans: • 30 to 50 fruits per tree for the first three to five years and • 60 to 80 fruits per tree for the sixth to eighth year. • On average 10 to 12 tons of fruits are obtained per hectare.

6. Which soil is best for pomegranate fruit?

Ans: • Pomegranate crop prefers medium black and light soils. • But it can also grow in light sandy and shallow soil. • Heavy Black soil is not suitable for POMEGRANATE FARMING, because heavy black soil does not release moisture quickly, as a result, the plant does not get rest, and as the twelve months increase, it sets less flowers and fruits. • Pomegranate crop can tolerate moderate salinity. • Suitable Soil PH: 6.5 to 8.0 is favorable for POMEGRANATE FARMING.

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