Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Introduction Kagzi Lemon:

Name of FruitKagzi Lemon
Scientific NameCitrus aurantifolia
FamilyRutaceae
GenusCitrus
Other NameCentral India
Major Growing States in IndiaAndhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujrat, Rajasthan, and Bihar
  • Lemons have many uses such as syrups and can be made into jams, jellies, marmalades, sour pickles, pickles, powders, etc., while soaps, shampoos, and many cosmetics are obtained from the peel and oil from the seeds. Thus this crop has medicinal and industrial uses.
  • Lemon is a commodity of daily consumption and it is widely consumed all over the world, so farmers considering its huge opportunities for value addition and export, this crop is economically very viable, if integrated management is done in this crop, so efforts should be made to improve production and quality.

Principles of Organic Farming of Kagzi Lemon:

  • Do not use any kind of  chemicals like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, fumigants, herbicides, or growth regulators in the organic cultivation of Kagzi lemons.
  • To maintain soil fertility and productivity in organic farming and obtain good quality produce.
  • Cultivating with Sunhemp will add organic matter to the soil.
  • In the vacant space between the lemons plants, take legume crops like mung, soybean, and cluster bean etc.
  • Cover the lemon crop and do not expose the soil to the sun in summer so that the crop will add natural nitrogen from the weather to the soil.
  • By using plenty of organic fertilizers, increase the microbial process and keep the soil alive so that the crops get full nutrients.
  • Maintain adequate drainage of the soil for good crop production.
  • To increase the water storage capacity, while maintaining the structure and texture of the soil.
  • The use of organic fertilizers will increase the plant’s resistance to diseases and pests and provide better-quality produce.
  • 20-25% reduction in farming cost in the long term and 20-25% increase in production and quality every year

Also Read……Biological Control of Agricultural Insect Pests


Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic fertilizers for organic farming in Kagzi Lemon

Year Deshi Fertilizer (Kg)Organic Fertilizer (Kg)

 

Cake (Kg)Azatobacter (ml) Phosphobacter (ml)  Potash

Bacteria (ml)

 

1101500 gm1055
22021 kg201010
33031.5 kg301515
44042.00 kg402020
55052.5 kg502525
  • Green manuring with Sunhemp during monsoon and bury it in the soil after flowering stage. Sunhemp can also be buried in a ring around a lemon tree.
  • As mentioned in the table apply well-decomposed compost at the beginning of the monsoon.
  • Organic Fertilizers – Composed of press mud, poultry manure, rock phosphate, inedible cake, bone meal, tobacco, dal etc given in two installments in a year in October-November and February-March.
  • Castor Cake, Neem seed cake, Karanj cake, and Mustard cake mixed with organic fertilizers and given in November and February-March 1-1.5 feet away from the trunk and 2-3 feet thick.

Climate for Kagzi Lemon:

  • Kagzi lime require 07 to 08 hours long day and sunlight for proper growth and development
  • Grow well in the temperature between 16-28 degree Celsius temperature

Soil Requirement for Kagzi Lemon:

  • Kagzi lemon prefer  slightly acidic to neutral soil
  • Suitable soil pH -5.6-7.00
  • Soil with good drainage capacity and high in organic matter

Also Read……Fish Farming In Village Ponds


Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Method of propagation-Kagzi Lemon:

  • Kagzi lime is propagated through seeds and cutting

Bio Fertilizers for Kagzi Lemon:

  • Azotobacter biofertilizer 5 ml + Phosphobacter 2.5 ml + Potash bacteria 12.5 ml in 1 liter of water as shown in the above table should be applied twice a year in October – November and February – March, when there is sufficient moisture in the soil according to the age of the plant.
  • Spraying lemon crop with organic fertilizers @ 50-100 grams twice a year.
  • In the early years of lemon crop take pulses crop as a mixed crop.

Water Management for Kagzi Lemon

  • As the lemon crop has shallow roots, a light watering regime and short day intervals are especially recommended.
  • Water immediately after planting. If there is no rain in monsoon, give water to growing plants every 6-8 days.
  • Watering the flowering plants every 10 days in winter and 7 to 8 days in summer.
  • If drip irrigation is installed, make arrangements so that 30 to 50 liters of water is available per day considering the soil, season, and plant growth.
  • According to research conducted, 63 percent of water is saved, if adult lemon plants are irrigated through drip irrigation.

Training and Pruning for Kagzi Lemon:

  • In cultivation, the plant is allowed to grow to a single trunk, the trunk is about 75 to 100 cm above the soil surface in the second year after planting.
  • Cut the branches with the help of secateurs.
  • Then keep four to five branches per plant, one in each direction so that the structure of the plant becomes balanced and strong.
  • No pruning is recommended to obtain fruit in lemon crops. But constantly remove the suckers coming out of the trunk.
  • Also, every year after the end of the monsoon, dry diseased branches are cut and removed immediately and on the cut part just apply Bordopaste.

Intercultural and Weeding for Kagzi Lemon:

  • Intercropping 2 to 3 times a year as needed to keep the soil constantly moist and replenished.
  • In well-drained soils minimum intercropping is done, so that the roots are not injured and diseases are reduced.
  • Remove the weeds from the pot through hand weeding.

Also Read……Summer Green gram-Mung Bean Farming


Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Intercrops withKagzi Lemon:

  • Vegetable crops like brinjal, chilli, tomato, cauliflower, onion and guar can be intercropped for the first 2 to 3 years after planting.
  • Green cover of pulses and sunhemp in particular adds organic matter to the soil.

External Care for Kagzi Lemon:

If no special care is given to the lemon crop at any particular time, it will get flowers throughout the year plus less amount of flowers. Generally the flowers and fruits come as mentioned below.

Flowering time

 

Time to get fruits

 

Percentage of total production received during the year

 

January-FebruaryJuly to September (Monsoon)60

 

May-JuneOctober to January (Winter)30

 

October-November

 

February to May (Summer)

 

10

 

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

  • Thus, only 10 percent flow is received during summer. While the demand for lemon is high in summer and the market price is also high.
  • While there is abundant production during monsoon, the market price is low. In such circumstances, if the flowering time of the lemon crop can be changed to get more fruit production during the summer time, then the cultivation of lemon can be made more profitable. To create such a situation, it is necessary to bring more flowers in the month of October.
  • For this, the field should be plowed after the end of monsoon. Lightly loosen the roots and let the soil heat up for 20 days.
  • Cut off dry and diseased branches and spray Bordomixture. After twenty days give light watering with fertilizers as per recommendation so that flowers will start coming. Often after giving such care, excessive vegetative growth does not produce flowers.
  • In such circumstances, 10 ppm 2,4-D or 50 ppm. NAA spray with 1 percent urea solution.
  • In addition, 2 percent urea and 20 ppm NAA spraying with a solution of NAA after fruits set can reduces fruit drop and increases fruit size and weight.
  • A general recommendation is to spray Cycocel 2000 ppm in the first week of September or add 6 grams kultar per plant  to the soil  can increase the flow of fruit set.
  • As per the Research carried out, two sprays of 500 ppm Cycocel solution at an interval of 15 days in the month of September-October will produce lemon fruits 20 days early.

Kagzi Lemon Yield per tree

  • The plant starts bearing fruit after 3-4 years.
  • Generally, an average of 50 to 70 kg of fruit is produced per mature tree.
  • A maximum production of 30 tons has been obtained at the some research farm of the Agriculture University.
  • Thus, adopting innovative approaches like integrated cropping systems can increase production and also income.

Crop Protection against Insect-pests:

Crop protection is an important issue in lemon crops. If care is not taken about it, the quality deteriorates and financial loss is incurred. It is very important to first understand why and what kind of pest it is to take appropriate measures.


Also Read……SILAGE-GREEN FODDER PICKLE FOR CATTLE


Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Kagzi Lemon Pests:

(1) Lemon Butterfly:

  • Caterpillars damage the leaves by eating them, and the presence of this moth is immediately known in the garden.
  • Control: If there are few plants, remove caterpillars by hand and spray with neem based pesticides.

(2) Lemon Leaf Miner :

  • Half  cm long and slender caterpillar damages the leaf by making hollow tunnels.
  • Looking at the leaf, a shiny white tunnel is visible.
  • Control: Neem-containing gronim or naphtia leaf juice or cow urine can be  sprayed to control leaf miners.

(3) White fly:

  • Nimbiocide 50 ml in 10 liters of water to control this pest, which sucks the juice from the lemon leaves.

Also Read……Agnihotra Farming


Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Kagzi Lemon Disease:

Gummosis, Leaf spot and Wilt:

  • Diseases caused by fungus, germs and negligence it is seen that the trunk is oozing glue.
  • The leaves turn yellow and dry up.
  • The trunk splits, drops fall on the leaves and fruits, gradually the branches dry up and the whole tree dries up, it is also called wilt, which is the result of many defects.
  • Control Measures:
  • Keeping the Farm clean.
  • Keep weeding on time.
  • Care should be taken not to fill the pits with water.
  • Use organic fertilizers in abundance.
  • Proper training and pruning of plants.
  • Remove the glue from the trunk and sweep the board mixture.
  • Apply 20 grams Trichoderma  and 10 grams  Pacillomyces  per tree in the soil.
  • Apart from this, add 5 grams of Orifungin in 10 liters of water and sprinkle it 2-3 times a year.
  • If the lemon garden is taken care of in the above way, the disease will be less and quality lemons can be produced.

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

Organic Kagzi Lemon farming

FAQs:

1. What is the scientific name of Kagzi Lemon?

Ans: The scientific name of Kagzi Lemon is Citrus aurantifolia.

2. Name major Kagzi lemon growing states in India.

Ans: Major Kagzi lemon growing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujrat, Rajasthan, and Bihar.

3. Which Climate is best suited for Kagzi lemon cultivation?

Ans: Kagzi lime require 07 to 08 hours long day and sunlight for proper growth and development.Grow well in the temperature between 16-28 degree Celsius temperature.

4. Which soil is best for Kagzi lemon cultivation?

Ans: Kagzi lemon prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil. Suitable soil pH -5.6-7.00.Soil with good drainage capacity and high in organic matter.

5. What are the kagzi lime yield per tree?

Ans: The plant starts bearing fruit after 3-4 years.Generally, an average of 50 to 70 kg of fruit is produced per mature tree.A maximum production of 30 tons has been obtained at the some research farm of the Agriculture University.Thus, adopting innovative approaches like integrated cropping systems can increase production and also income.

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