JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Introduction

  • Botanical name of Jivanto-Dodi is Leptadenia reticulata belongs to family APOCYNACEAE.
  • Native: Africa-Madagascar.

Types of Jivanti-Dodi

  • There are Four (04) types of Jivanti-Dodi found in India.
  • First is in which the flowers are in bunches in during monsoon season.
  • This kind of Jivanti-Dodi flower is useful in human diet as a vegetable. It is mostly consumed after frying.
  • Leaves of this type of Jivanti-Dodi are round in shape.
  • This type of Jivanti-Dodi mainly contains active elements like drazine, alkaloid, glycoside, trigoside etc
  • This type of Jivanti-Dodi is mainly useful in eye pain, cold etc.
  • Its fruits are very large in size.
  • Second Jivani-Dodi is Holostema annularium.
  • It is bitter in taste.
  • Its roots and leaves are used as medicines to cure various diseases.
  • Third type of Jivanti-Dodi is Leptadenia
  • It is known as Malti or big Jivanti-Dodi
  • It is very vigorous and has strong vines.
  • It is a perennial plant.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Medicinal use of Leptadenia reticulate:

  • Fourth type of Jivanti-Dodi is Leptadenia reticulate
  • Its leaves are relatively long and oval in shape
  • Flower size is relatively small.
  • The size of the fruit is also small.
  • Active ingredients like tocopherols, phytosterols, stigmasterol, betasterol, gammasterol and leptadine are mainly present in the Jivanti-Dodi.
  • This Jivanti-Dodi was formerly found in many places along farm fences in India and its leaves were widely used as a vegetable by the Rural India people.
  • Jivanti-Dodi is a boon to poor families during the drought but is now found in small quantities in India.
  • It has chemical properties, mild in digestion, and very cool in nature.
  • Jivanti-Dodi is very useful in RATWA disease as it gives good results in preventing miscarriage or abortion.
  • It cures worms, hemorrhoids, eye disease, leprosy, tuberculosis, inflammation, breath, cough, blindness, mouth disease, and diarrhea.
  • It is very useful in eye diseases.
  • Also helps to increase milk in milch animals.
  • Jivanti-Dodi is widely used in the preparation of human and animal medicines, and there is a need for large quantities of Jivanti-Dodi in the market in the present scenerio.
  • At present the price of dry Jivanti-Dodi is 50 per kg.
  • Due to increasing demand and as it is widely used in Ayurvedic pharmacies, some farmers in India have started its cultivation.
  • Jivanti-Dodi can be stored for two years or more for further use.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Climate and soil:

  • Jivanti-Dodi crops favor hot and dry climates. In India, the growth is profuse during summer and the leaves are large in size.
  • Jivanti-Dodi can grow well in almost all types of soil but does not grow well in waterlogged or very dark soils that retain moisture for a long time.
  • For Jivanti-Dodi choose light, medium black, loam, or sandy soil.

Land preparation and planting:

  • The soil should be deeply ploughed during the months of April-May and allow to heat by the sun light.
  • After that, in the second week of June, apply 10 tons of Farm Yard Manure (FYM) per hectare
  • Do one or two tillage and mix them into the soil to prepare the soil.

Spacing:

  • Sowing the plants at a distance of 60 x 60 cm distance in the field for further growth and development.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Propagation Methods:

  • From cuttings:
  • Jivanti-Dodi is propagated from cuttings.
  • In the month of March-April, select the medium-sized vines of Jivanti-Dodi, plant at least two internodes in each cut in a mixture of sand and soil.
  • Cut diagonally so that the cuttings do not touch the internodes while cutting with a sharp knife and water the cutting diagonally so that the cuttings are slightly inclined towards the cut side.
  • Keep watering as needed.
  • By about 20 to 25 days, it starts sprouting roots and leaves.
  • After the roots sprout, in May, transplant the seedlings into polythene bags filled with soil and compost and keep them in the shade and water them as needed.
  • Do not water more than necessary.
  • Relatively few seedlings are raised by cutting grafting.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

(2)  From seed:

  • For propagation from seed, sow seeds at a depth of about 0.5 cm in the nursery bed during March-April at a distance of 10 cm. watering the nursery bed with water as and when needed.
  • Many seeds will sprout within 8 to 10 days.
  • When the seedlings are 45 days old, plant them in a bag filled with organic manure and soil, wrap them in a bag, and keep the bags in the shade.
  • Keep watering the seedlings in the bag every 3-4 days as needed.
  • Apart from this, seedlings can be raised in a plastic bag filled with compost and soil.
  • Sow the seeds 0.5 cm deep and water them gently with a water can.
  • Sow two seeds in each bag for better germination. After 40 to 45 days, when plants attain 15 cm height can transplant in the field

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Post sowing Care:

  • After sowing, carry out 3 to 4 times cultivation during the year and keep the field weed free by weeding as needed.
  • The research resulted from the conclusion that to get more production of dry Jivanti, the crop should be sprayed with 2% urea and 2% potassium chloride solution on 45th and 75th day after transplanting in the field.

Irrigation Management:

  • Jivanti-Dodi generally needs less water.
  • During the monsoon, there is hardly a need for one or two water.
  • Irrigate the crop 15 days after the first harvest in winter and 10-12 days after the second harvest in summer.
  • The rest of the irrigation should be done at intervals of 15-20 days depending on the type of soil, weather, and plant needs.
  • Care should be taken that overwatering increases pest infestation.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Crop Protection:

(a) Pests:

(1) Aphids:

  • Aphids damage Jivanti by sucking sap from leaves and secreting sticky liquid.
  • Due to the sticky liquid black fungus grows on the lower leaf.
  • This pest can be controlled by spraying DIMETHOATE 03 percent (10 ml of in 10 liters of water).

 (2) Mealy bug:

  • Mealy bug has a thin body and white scales are seen on the body.
  • Mostly it damages tender leaves by sucking sap so that the leaves, are twisted and curled.
  • For control of this pest spray IMIDACLOPRID5 SL,5 ml in 10 liters of water or THIAMETHOXAM (25 percent WG- 4 grams in 10 liters of water).

(3) Termites:

  • Damages to the plant by forming a gallery near the trunk.
  • For its control spray CHLORPYRIPHOS 20 EC -20 ml in 10 liters of water-make a solution and pour it around the trunk.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

(b) Disease:

Root Rot:

  • Jivanti-Dodi plants often have root rot.
  • Initially, the upper leaves shrank and eventually fall off and the vines also gradually shrank.
  • Control of this disease can be done by applying 0.2% solution of CARBENDAZIM OR CAPTAN to the soil around the plant to prevent the disease from growing or to prevent the growth of the biotic fungus Trichoderma viridi around the roots.
  • It can be also controlled by tilling the soil.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Harvesting of Jivanti-Dodi Leaves:

  • Jivanti-Dodi is a perennial crop that can be harvested THRICE in fertile and well-maintained land.
  • The first harvest should be done at the end of October or in the first week of November,
  • The second harvest in March and the third harvest in the first week of June.
  • Harvesting mainly involves cutting the plant 15 cm from the ground. Cut and dry in the sun including vines at height.
  • Dry for a couple of days in the heat and then in the shade to get the green color.
  • After drying the vines properly, cut them into small pieces and fill them in a bag.

Yield:

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

Summary:

Jivanti-Dodi farming is a popular and sustainable method for growing a variety of plants, including the perennial plant Leptadenia reticulata, native to Africa-Madagascar. There are four types of Jivanti-Dodi, with Telpsma pallida being the most common type, which is used as a vegetable in the human diet and is used in eye pain and cold.

Holostema annularium is a bitter variety used for various diseases, while the third type is Leptadenia reticulate, which is vigorous and has strong vines. Jivanti-Dodi is widely used in the preparation of human and animal medicines, and there is a need for large quantities in the market.

The price of dry Jivanti-Dodi is currently Rs.50 per kg. Due to increasing demand and its use in Ayurvedic pharmacies, some farmers in India have started cultivating this crop. Jivanti-Dodi crops prefer hot and dry climates, with growth being profuse during summer and large leaves. It can grow well in almost all soil types but not in waterlogged or very dark soils.

To propagate Jivanti-Dodi, soil should be deeply ploughed during April-May and applied to the soil in June. Plants should be sown at a distance of 60 x 60 cm in the field for further growth and development. Propagation methods include cuttings, sowing seeds, and post-sowing care.

To increase production of dry Jivanti, the crop should be sprayed with 2% urea and 2% potassium chloride solution on the 45th and 75th day after transplanting in the field. Irrigation management is crucial for Jivanti-Dodi, as it generally needs less water during the monsoon season. The crop should be irrigated 15 days after the first harvest in winter and 10-12 days after the second harvest in summer.

Overwatering increases pest infestation. Jivanti-Dodi leaves can be harvested three times in fertile and well-maintained land. The first harvest should be done at the beginning of the growing season, and the second harvest should be done at the end of the growing season.

Jvanti-Dodi is a perennial crop that can be harvested three times in fertile and well-maintained land. It can be controlled by spraying DIMETHOATE 0.03 percent, MICROPROPRID 17.5 SL,5 ml in 10 liters of water, or THIAMETHOXAM (25 percent WG-4 grams in 10 liters of water).

Termites damage the plant by forming a gallery near the trunk. Root rot is a common disease, causing upper leaves to shrank and vines to shrank. Controlling root rot can be done by applying 0.2% solution of CARBENDAZIM or CAPTAN to the soil around the plant or tilling the soil. Harvesting involves cutting the plant 15 cm from the ground, drying in the sun, and cutting into small pieces.

The crop yields 10,000-12,000 KG of dried leaves per hectare after three harvests.

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

FAQs:

1.Scientific name of Jivanti or Dodi found in India is?

Ans.: Leptadenia reticulate.

2. Name Different types of Jivanti or Dodi?

Ans.: First is Telpsma pallida Second Jivani-Dodi is Holostema annularium Third type of Jivanti-Dodi is Leptadenia Fourth type of Jivanti-Dodi is Leptadenia reticulate

3. What are the use of Jivanti or Dodi plant?

•Jivanti-Dodi is a boon to poor families during the drought but is now found in small quantities in India. •It has chemical properties, mild in digestion, and very cool in nature. •Jivanti-Dodi is very useful in RATWA disease as it gives good results in preventing miscarriage or abortion. •It cures worms, hemorrhoids, eye disease, leprosy, tuberculosis, inflammation, breath, cough, blindness, mouth disease, and diarrhea. •It is very useful in eye diseases. •Also helps to increase milk in milch animals. •Jivanti-Dodi is widely used in the preparation of human and animal medicines, and there is a need for large quantities of Jivanti-Dodi in the market in the present scenario. •Due to increasing demand and as it is widely used in Ayurvedic pharmacies, some farmers in India have started its cultivation.

4. What is the price of dry Jivanti or Dodi per kg?

Ans.: At present the price of dry Jivanti-Dodi is Rs.50 per kg.

5. What is the common name of Leptadenia reticulate?

Ans.: Jivanti, Dodi etc .

JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

 

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