Importance of Biofertilizers

What is Biofertilizers Types and Benefits AND Importance of Biofertilizers

The Global Biofertilizer market was valued at USD 2.68 Billion in the year 2022 and it is estimated will grow to USD 6.00 Billion by 2028.

Soil is home to many types of microorganisms that are very beneficial to plants. Such organisms help to fix FREE NITROGEN in the air or convert the SOLUBLE PHOSPHORUS AND POTASH into available forms. After long research by scientists, it comes to know that the use of bio-fertilizers can save up to 25% of chemical fertilizers if used properly.

Bio Fertilizer: A word Biofertilizer itself indicate, fertilizers that are made up of some living organisms like Bacteria, Fungi, Algae, etc living in the upper layer of soil, when added to soil fix atmospheric nitrogen, solubilize phosphorus, potash, and other important micronutrients made available for the plants, increase the fertility of the soil, increase disease resistance of crops and increase nutrient uptake for the plants.

Importance of Biofertilizers

ALSO READ:https:https://agriculture2042.com/global-challenges-for-farmersindia/

What is Biofertilizers Types and Benefits AND Importance of Biofertilizers

Major Biofertilizer Producing Company in the world are:

Sr.No.Bio Fertilizer Mfg Company
01Novozymes A/S
02National Fertilizers Limited
03Madras Fertilizers Limited
04Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd.
05Rizobacter Argentina S.A.
06T.Stanes & Company Limited
07Camson Bio Technologies Limited
08Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.
09Lallemand Inc.
10Nutramax Laboratories, Inc.
11Gujarat State Fertilizer Company

ALSO READ:https:https://agriculture2042.com/global-challenges-for-farmersindia/

Importance of Biofertilizers

Importance of Bio-Fertilizers in Modern Agriculture: 

  • Organic manure can fix 20-50 kg of Nitrogen and solubilize 30-50 kg of Phosphorus per hectare
  • Soil stratification and pH amendments make the soil fertile and alive.
  • Helps in plant growth by making plant growth promoters.
  • Increases crop production by 10-15 percent.
  • Side effects of chemical fertilizers are reduced.
  • Reduces air pollution and significantly reduces farming costs.
  • Biofertilizers are cheap in cost, non-toxic, and easy to use.
  • Biofertilizer is a supplement to chemical fertilizers.
  • Biofertilizers respond well to soils that are rich in organic matter.
  • Sufficient moisture in the soil is essential at the time of application.
  • Biofertilizer is a pure, natural organic fertilizer, so it is completely safe in terms of the environment.

Why BioFertilizers-A human population is increasing day by day on the earth, to meet the food demand of the ever-increasing population of the world, it is necessary to increase crop yield using the modern agronomical package of practices, which is also being followed by the farmers by applying a heavy dose of chemical fertilizers led to the mass killing of microorganisms living in the upper layer of soil, deteriorate fertility of the soil and reduce crop production also.

In another hand, the use of Biofertilizers instead of Chemical Fertilizers in modern agronomical practices can increase or maintain the fertility of the soil, multiply microorganisms population in the soil, increase crop yield, etc. The cost of the bio-fertilizer is relatively lower than the chemical fertilizers.

ONE Litre bottle of liquid organic fertilizer (NITROGEN BACTERIA) works as well as TWO bags of UREA and also improves crop quality.

ONE liter of both liquid organic manure NITROGEN FIXER AND PHOSPHATE CULTURE is savings of One Bag of Di Ammonium Phosphate (DAP) Chemical fertilizer per hectare and also maintains soil health.

ALSO READ:https:https://agriculture2042.com/global-challenges-for-farmersindia/

How to Apply Biofertilizers:

Liquid organic fertilizers can be used for seed spreading, furrow dressing, furrow application, and drip application as per the crop sowing method. Both Azotobacter and phosphate cultures can be used separately as well as in combination in all crops such as cereals, vegetables, fruits, horticulture crops, sugarcane, cotton, fodder, etc.

Methods of Application of Biofertilizers

  • Seed treatment: One kg of seed is mixed with 3-5 ml of culture before sowing.
  • Plant Root treatment: Mix 3-5 ml of culture in 1 liter of water, soak the roots for 15-20 minutes, and plant.
  • Directly to Soil or through Drip Irrigation: One Litre culture mixed with 60-80 kg of compost/soil and spread in furrows per hectare. It can be also given by mixing in a 200-liter water tank through the drip irrigation system.

Various Types of Bio Fertilizers

  • Nitrogen Fixing Bio Fertilizers
  • Phosphate Culture
  • Phosphorus Solubilizing Bio Fertilizers

Nitrogen Fixing Bio-Fertilizers: Azotobacter, Azospirillum, and Rhizobium

(A) Azotobacter: is a type of bacteria that has a remarkable ability to fix free nitrogen in the air. This is why it is widely used as organic fertilizer. Rhizobium Bacteria require the presence of leguminous crops to fix atmospheric nitrogen, while Azotobacter does not require the presence of any crops. They alone can fix nitrogen in the air on their own. Farmland is their permanent residence/habitat and need oxygen for their growth and development.

Therefore, they are located in a special number in the upper layer of 15-30 cm of the field. In these circumstances, it is necessary to use efficient varieties of recommended Azotobacter species as organic fertilizers to preserve soil fertility and save expensive chemical fertilizers. This type of bacteria uses the free nitrogen in the air to produce ammonia with the help of NITROGENASE ENZYME. This ammonia is soluble in water so it can be easily absorbed. The number of these bacteria increases in soils that are low in organic matter. This organic fertilizer is recommended for crops other than pulses.

What is Biofertilizers Types and Benefits

(B) Azospirillum: This is a type of microorganism. They are about thousandths of a millimeter in size and semi-circular in shape. There are two species of Azospirillum bacterium, Lipopherum, and Brasiliense. Such cultures produce plant growth promoters like Indole acetic acid, Indole butyric acid, Auxins, and Gibberellins and help in crop growth.

(C) Rhizobium: Biofertilized Rhizobium culture can be used only for leguminous crops as it forms small nodules on roots. It is imperative to use Mung culture for Mung and chickpea culture for gram only. The use of rhizobium culture in crops saves 80-100 kg of nitrogen per hectare.

2. Phosphate Culture: Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Aspergillus, and Mycorrhizae are the major phosphate cultures. Available phosphorus in our soil is very low. Any phosphorus we add to the soil in the form of superphosphateor any other form becomes deficient a few times and not used by the crop. There are many microorganisms in the soil that work to solubilize insoluble phosphorus by forming different types of acids. World has millions of tonnes of reserves of rock phosphate, and such cheap rock phosphate can be used with suitable phosphate culture.

3. Phosphorus Solubilizing Bio Fertilizers:  There are many microorganisms in the soil that produce a variety of acids and polysaccharides that convert the soluble potassium in the soil into a form that can be absorbed by plant roots. Using the inexpensive mineral Mica, Feldspar along with potassium-absorbing microorganisms can save 25% of potash chemical fertilizers as an alternative to expensive potash chemical fertilizers.

4. Micro Nutrient Bio Fertilizers:These Biofertilizers contain living microorganisms, which help in solubilizing and make available some micronutrients like Zinc, Copper, etc. eg. Pseudomonas fluorescence.

5. Organic matter Decomposer: These biofertilizers consist of microorganisms, which help in the decomposition of the rich organic matter present in the upper 05-15 cm layer of the soil resulting in high necessary nutrient uptake to the crops. eg. Trichoderma spp.

6. Micro Nutrient Bio Fertilizers: These Biofertilizers contain living organism which enhances the availability and uptake of required Calcium for proper growth and development of plants. eg.Pseudomonas fluorescence.

3.Potash mobilizing Biofertilizers.: These Biofertilizers contain living organism which helps in mobilizing potash present in the upper layer of the soil and also makes it available for proper growth and development of the plants. eg.Bacillus spp.

The advantages of Biofertilizers are as under:

  • Validity of Culture is up to 1 year
  • 10 crore microorganisms per milliliter
  • Easy to use and carry
  • Easy to use for farmers
  • Suitable for drip method
  • Suitable for greenhouse
  • Saving of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers up to 25%
  • Up to 10% increase in Crop production

ALSO READ:https:https://agriculture2042.com/global-challenges-for-farmersindia/

Do and Don’t

 Do

  • Keep the culture in a cool place in the shade
  • Use adequate amounts of culture as recommended.
  • It is necessary to maintain moisture in the soil during application
  • Dry the coated seeds in the shade and sow immediately in the early morning or evening.
  • If the seeds have been treated with fungicide or insecticide, the culture should be treated last and sown.

Don’t

  • Never mix organic culture with chemical fertilizers and drugs.
  • Keep away from direct sunlight

Conclusion:

Biofertilizers can become replacements of Chemical fertilizers in the coming days as in the present scenario, we are marching towards organic farming concepts for the health of human beings. Moreover, the use of Biofertilizers not only maintains soil health but also improves the quality of the produces. Farmers can utilize various Biofertilizers like Nitrogen Fixing, Phosphate Culture, and Phosphorus Solubilizing Bio-Fertilizers for crop production.

What is Biofertilizers Types and Benefits AND Importance of Biofertilizers

FAQs.:

1.What is Biofertilizer:

A word Biofertilizer itself indicate, fertilizers that are made up of some living organisms like Bacteria, Fungi, Algae, etc living in the upper layer of soil, when added to soil fix atmospheric nitrogen, solubilize phosphorus, potash, and other important micronutrients made available for the plants, increase the fertility of the soil, increase disease resistance of crops and increase nutrient uptake for the plants.

2. What is the need for using bio-fertilizers?

Biofertilizers when added to soil fix atmospheric nitrogen, solubilize phosphorus, potash, and other important micronutrients made available for the plants, increase the fertility of the soil, increase disease resistance of crops and increase nutrient uptake for the plants.It is cheaper than the chemical fertilizers.

3. What are the sources of biofertilizer?

Bacteria, Blue Green algae and Fungi is a sources of biofertilizer.

4. Who discovered Biofertilizers?

Nobbe and Hiltner

5. Importance of Biofertilizers?

Biofertilizers can fix 20-50 kg of Nitrogen and solubilize 30-50 kg of Phosphorus per hectare. Helps in plant growth by making plant growth promoters. Increases crop production by 10-15 percent. The side effects of chemical fertilizers are reduced. Reduces air pollution and significantly reduces farming costs. Biofertilizers are cheap in cost, non-toxic, and easy to use. Biofertilizer is a supplement to chemical fertilizers. Biofertilizers respond well to soils that are rich in organic matter. Biofertilizer is a pure, natural organic fertilizer, so it is completely safe in terms of the environment.

6. Different types of Biofertilizers?

  1. Nitrogen Fixing Bio Fertilizers
  2. Phosphate Culture
  3. Phosphorus Solubilizing Bio Fertilizers

What is Biofertilizers Types and Benefits AND Importance of Biofertilizers

ALSO READ:https:https://agriculture2042.com/global-challenges-for-farmersindia/

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