Global challenges for farmers|India|

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Global challenges for farmers|India|

Various problems faced by farmers

  1. Fragmentation of land ownership between family members
  2. Limited access to information and technology
  3. Price volatility and market access
  4. Credit facilities from commercial banks
  5. Precipitation
  6. Traditional farming methods

We know that the farmer is the “father of the world” who grows various crops and sells them in the market to consume them. Only farmers and their families are a group of people around the world ,who are aware of the fact that there is neither profit nor loss in agriculture, and they do it anyway. Farmers always think and care about the people who depend on agricultural products for their livelihood. They worry about, if I do not farm this year and next year, who will feed the majority of the world’s people?

Most farmers do not want to farm their fields, because they can not get a good enough price for their end product when they go to sell it on the market, especially some months after harvest. As a result, prices for the same products double to triple once the selling season is over. Farmers want to store their produce in cold storage but infrastructure is not available with them and they want the money immediately after selling the farm produce because they have already invested in the various costs such as tillage cost, buying seed, fertilizer, irrigation fees, electricity, insecticides, pesticides, weed killers, and labor to produce the farm produce.

The Arthas and the middle men always wait for the right time and take full advantage of the farmers’ coercion, as no one is there to hear the farmers’ voice. It often happens that a farmer drives a tractor or other vehicle to the market to sell the final agricultural products. Even after selling the tractor truck, the farmer is not able to pay the transportation cost/rent from the money received from the arthias, so we always hear that farmers throw the agricultural products on the highway or roadside and feed the cows on the road. This means that farmers do not receive a sufficient price for their final products when they approach the seller.

The concept of minimum support price also exists, but most retailers do not adhere to it and pay the price of their choice on the grounds that the grains are too small, there is some moisture in the grains, the products are discolored, or dust particles are mixed with the products, because retailers know that once farmers come to them, they will not return without selling.

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

If such problems continue, one day farmers will stop farming and the farmer’s son will not prefer to continue his family’s old farming activity. Now it is high time to do something for farmers to ensure their survival.

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Some key challenges to farmers’ survival in the agricultural industry include

  1. Fragmentation of land holdings among family members: In India, most farmers have small land holdings of less than one hectare and live in a joint family. But in today’s modern times, the son does not want to live in the joint family and starts his own nuclear family, which leads to fragmentation of the land and his share. Because of the fragmentation, he now has to establish his own identity for agricultural activities and buy all the necessary agricultural equipment, machinery and other needed equipment, which leads to an initial financial burden and so on. Previously, there were agricultural implements in the joint family ONLY UNIQUE for the same landholding, which has now doubled and is also a financial burden. We can say that the farmer faces different financial debts from the first year just because the land ownership is divided between the family members.
  2. Rainfall: the farmer is a friend of rain and waits for the monsoon rain in June every year to sow the crop at the earliest. Due to global warming and some other problems, the rainfall pattern has suddenly changed. If there is not enough rain, it will cause drought in some areas, and in other places, excess rain can cause severe flooding at all, which directly affects the sowing and standing crops. Now, the rain falling on the mature crops deteriorates the quality of the seed, which affects the lower price in the market and also reduces the overall production of the seasonally grown crops.
  3. Traditional farming practices: Farmers are not sufficiently educated but have been practicing farming for many years by experience. For this reason, they use traditional farming practices such as using low-yielding varieties, excessive use of chemical fertilizers, use of pesticides, traditional irrigation techniques, use of bullock carts, etc. for farming activities, resulting in lower crop yields even if higher costs are incurred.
  4. Access to credit facilities from commercial banks: Each bank has developed some special programs for financing agricultural activities, such as tractor loans, farm equipment loans, land acquisition loans, farm vehicle loans, rural warehouse loans, kisan credit cards, goods receipt loans, etc.Some agricultural loans are linked to government interest rate subsidy programs, and some are also made at the lower interest rates of government interest rate subsidy programs.But farmers are not aware of all these products and borrow money from private moneylenders with higher interest rates of 24-36%, subsequently they cannot even repay the interest to the private moneylenders and commit suicide along with their family members.
  5. Price volatility and market access: price volatility is a major problem for farmers, especially when they want to sell their farm products to retailers. Limited market access before farmers sell their produce benefits retailers who buy their produce at a lower price during the season.
  6. Limited access to information and technology: After the advent of information and technology worldwide, it has also become important in agriculture such as weather forecasting, modern packages of practices, online market price access, government regulations, etc., but still farmers do not have easy access from IT in different parts of the world disabled them for the rest of the world at all.Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Conclusion: Despite all these challenges, farmers continue to farm as usual. If farmers are adequately supported in the above challenges, the world will be in a different place in 2035.

Solutions to the challenges:

  1. Educated and skilled farmers need to enter agriculture to meet the demand of the ever-growing world population, or else difficult times will be ahead by 2050.
  2. Farmers follow an improved set of practices, high-yielding varieties of different crops, modern methods of irrigation and soil testing.
  3. To maintain soil fertility, they should avoid excessive use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, weedicides etc., and use organic farming methods instead.
  4. In case of drought, the government should support farmers by providing irrigation water during the growing season at all; for this purpose, the government can build dams, store water, and make it available to farmers when needed.
  5. Take loans only from commercial banks. Avoid borrowing from private money lenders.
  6. Provide adequate infrastructure to farmers for storage of produce
  7. The government should control the MSP and also conduct random checks in APMCs to ensure that the MSP is granted to farmers or not.
  8. A price control law and its strict implementation should be enacted,
  9. Subsidies for various agricultural inputs must be provided to farmers to relieve them financially.

We hope that the financial situation of farmers will improve GRADUALLY….

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

Global challenges for farmers|India|

FAQs:

  1. What is the biggest threat to farmers?

Ans: Climate change itself

  1. Who is a farmer?

Ans: A person who cultivates the land, grows and harvests crops is called a farmer.

  1. What is an agripreneur?

Ans: A person who has new ideas and is confident to do something new in this field and also able to take financial risk in farming activities is called Agriprenure.

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