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Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

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1 Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

1. What are the different varieties of paddy in India?

Gujarat: In transplanting paddy early maturing varieties GR-3, GR-4, GR-7, medium late maturing varieties like Gurjari , GR-12, and late maturing varieties like GR-104, GR-1, in fallow paddy GR-5, GR -8, and GR-9 and NAUR-1 and GNR-2 varieties are recommended for saline soils.

Punjab: PR-111, PR 115,PR-123, Pusa Basmati 1509, Pusa Basmati 1121, PR 120

Uttarpradesh: CSR 30, Pusa 1121, Pusa 2511 (Sugandha 5), PRH10, PR 115, Pant Dhan 12, Sharbati, Arize 6129, Proagro 6444, PR-111, PR 115,PR-123, Pusa Basmati 1509, Pusa Basmati 1121, PR 120

Uttarakhand: Nidhi, UPRI 92-79, Narendra 359, Sarbati, PR 115, PR 120, HKR 120, Sarjoo 52, Sadbhagi

North East India (NE-Rrgion): IR 64, Naveen, Gomati Dhan, Ranjit, RC-Maniphou-4, RC-Maniphou-5, RCManiphou-7, RC Maniphou 10, TRC Borodhan-1, DR 92, Shahsarang 1, Lampnah, IR 64, Krishna Hamsha, Shahsarang 1, Vivek Dhan 82, Shahsarang 1, Lampnah, IR 64, Vivek Dhan 82, Subhadra, Bhalum 1,

Bhalum 2, IURON 514, Bhalum 3, Bhalum 4, RC Maniphou 6, Megha rice1, Megha rice 2, Megha rice 3, Vivek Dhan 82, VL Dhan 61, Sahabhagi, TRC Borodhan 1, Naveen, Ranjit, Krishna Hamsha, Megha Rice 1, Megha Rice 2, Megha Rice 3, Shahsarang 1, Lampnah, Swarna sub 1, Sambha mahasuri, IR64 sub1, FR13 A, Jalashree, Plaban, Jalkuwari, Sahabhagi, Vivek Dhan 82.

Tamilnadu: ADT 36, IR 50, IR 64, IR 36, MDU 3, CO 47, ASD 16, ASD 17, ADT 37, TPS 2, ADT 39, ASD 18, MDU 4, PMK 2, ADT 42, MDU 5, ASD 20, ADT 43, TKM 11, ADT (RH)1, ADT (R) 45, TKM (R) 12, TRY (R) 2, PMK (R) 3, ADT (R) 47, ADT (R) 48, IR 20, Bhavani,

IR 50, CO 43, White Ponni, ADT 38, TPS 2, TKM 10, TPS 3, ASD 19, TRY 1, CO 46, CORH 2& ADT(R) 46, Ponmani, PY 4(JAWAHAR), ADT(R) 44, IR-64, CO-47, ADT-36, ADT-37, ADT-43, ADT-45, ADT-47, ADT-48, ASD-16, ASD-17, ASD-20,MDU-5, IR 20, IR 36, CO 43, CO 46, ADT 38, ADT 39, ADT 46, Bhavani, MDU 3, MDU 4, TRY 1, ASD 19, TPS 2, TPS 3, white ponni, Ponmani(CR 1009), BPT 5204, ADT 44, CORH 1, CORH 2, CORH 3, ADTRH 1

Orrissa: Vandana (RR 167-982), Vandana (RR 167-982), Shabhagidhan (IR 74371-70-1-1-CRR-1), Satyabhama (CR 2340-11), Pyari (CR Dhan 200), CR Dhan 201(CR2721-81-3-IR83380-B-B-124-1), CR Dhan 202 (CR2715-13-IR84899-B-154), Satabdi (CR 146-7027-224), Naveen (CR 749-20-2), Rajalaxmi (CRHR-5), Ajay (CRHR-7), Satyakrishna (CR AC 2221-43), Phalguni (CR Dhan 801), Improved Lalat (CRMAS 2621-7-1), Improved Tapaswini (CRMAS 2622-7-6),

Chandan (CR – 898), Pooja (CR-629-256), Swarna Sub-1 (CR AC 2539-1), Reeta (CR AC 780-1937-1-3), CR Dhan 300 (CR 2301-5), CR Dhan 701 (CRHR 32), Sarala (CR 260-77), Durga (CR 683-123), Gayatri (CR 210-1018), Varshadhan (CRLC 899), CR Dhan 500 (CR 2285-6-6-31),

Jayantidhan (CR Dhan 503), Luna Suvarna (CR LC2096-71-2), Luna Sampad (CR LC2095-181-1), Luna Barial (58CR 2092-1-3), Luna Barial (58CR 2092-1-3), Luna Shankhi (CR 2577-1), Nua Dhusara, Nua Chinikamini, Purnabhog (CRM 2203-4), CR Sugandh Dhan 907 (CR 2616-3-3-31)

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

2. Where to get paddy seeds from ?

To obtain seeds of Paddy various variety, contact nearest Rice Research Scientist of the agriculture university in the month of April-May

3. About preparation/growing Paddy seedling in Nursery.

(1) If one hectare is to be transplanted, make a nursery in 10 guntha area.

(2) Prepare bed on heavy black soil and flatbed on light or medium black soil.

(3) 20 tonnes of well decomposed Farm Yard manure and 100 kg Castor cake for organic fertilizers in 10 guntha soil, while 10 kg Nitrogen and 8 kg Phosphorus is applied to the nursery during soil preparation.

(4) Best time for paddy transplanting is from 1st June to 15th June.

(5) Required 25 kg seed for fine grained varieties and 30 kg of thick grained varieties per hectare.

(6) The amount of seed required for transplanting 1 hectare of paddy should be soaked in a solution of 6 grams of streptocycline and 12 grams of mercury (Amisan) in 24 litres water, for protection against paddy blight disease then dry them in the shade and used for sowing.

(7) Seed treatment with mercury fungicides like Thirum, Captan 3 gram/kg of seeds for protection against soil  and seed borne diseases.

(8) Fertilization of paddy seeds with Azoteobacter, Azospirillum and Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) cultures.

(9) When paddy seedlings turns yellow, make a solution of 150 grams of ferrous sulphate with 80 grams of quicklime in 10 liters of water and spray with 100 grams of urea on crop.

(10) Uprooting paddy seedling after 25 to 30 days from sowing in nursery, for transplanting in main field.

Also Read………Ber Fruit Farming Cultivation Guide Details

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

4 . What is the fertilizer requirement in paddy field?

For transplanting in one hectare area of paddy, 10 guntha land should be raised. For raising nursery 10 meters long, 1 meter wide, and 10-15 cm height 80 to 100 beds will be there. 20 kg (1 bucket) of well decomposed Farm Yard manure, 500 gm of ammonium sulphate, 500 gm of single super sulphate and 1 kg of Castor Cake should be mixed in the soil before sowing as base fertilizer. When the plant is 12 days old, give 200 grams of ammonium sulphate as supplementary fertilizer.

5. How to control weeds in paddy fields?

In the paddy nursery, hand weeding has to be done twice on the 15th and 25th day after the sowing paddy. When there is shortage of labor use chemical weedicides like Pendimethalin @ 1 kg per hectare or Oxadiazon at 0.50 kg per hectare Sprinkle or mix with sand and give 6 days after sowing in paddy nursery.

6. Why Paddy seedlings turns yellow in color?

The main cause of yellowing of paddy is iron deficiency, to overcome this deficiency apply 25 kg ferrous sulphate per hectare in the soil or spraying a mixed solution of 0.5 per cent ferrous sulphate + 0.25 per cent lime on crop.

7. What is the recommended spacing in drilled paddy?

Drilled paddy should be planted at a distance of 30 cm.

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

8. Which and how much weedicide should be given in drilled paddy?

Spray Butachlor 1.5 kg per hectare for weed control in drilled paddy as pre-emergence (after crop sowing and before weed emergence) and hand weeding once in 30 days after crop sowing is recommended.

9. What is SRI (System of Rice Intensification) paddy cultivation method?

In ‘SRI’ method, the area of paddy nursery should be 100 sq.m (1 guntha) for planting one hectare area. For that make nursery bed (1:1 compost: soil). Generally 5 to 6 kg of paddy seeds are required for planting one hectare of paddy.

8 to 10 days old seedling should be uprooted from soil and transplanted at a distance of 25 cm×25 cm.

Apply light irrigation as per requirement looking to soil type. Use Cono weeder to suppress the weeds between two rows. By using this method, more paddy production can be obtained with less water and cost.

For demonstration of SRI paddy cultivation methods, information and literature, contact nearest Rice Research Scientist of agriculture university or use kisan helpline for more details.

10. How to use liquid fertilizer in paddy crop?

Liquid organic fertilizer can be used for seed treatment, drilling in rows, by drip irrigation and spraying on plants. 3 to 5 ml Liquid biofertilizer mixed with one liter of clean water can be spray on the leaves of the plants, early in the morning or at late evening.

Also Read………Indian Bean Farming

11. How to control fungal diseases in paddy crop?

For effective control of fungal diseases in paddy seed treatment with 3 grams Thiram, Emisan, Captan per 01 kg of seeds before sowing and to control disease like paddy wilt, soak the paddy seeds for 10 hours in a mixture of 6 grams of streptocycline and 12 grams of mercury (Emisan) in 24 liters of water.

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

12. How to control paddy wilt disease?

(1) Applying seed treatment as mentioned earlier for control of blight in paddy.

(2) Mix 1 gram of Streptocycline + 10 grams of copper containing chemicals (copper oxychloride) in 20 liters of water as soon as the disease starts in standing crops.

(3) Use nitrogenous chemical fertilizers proportionately. Uproot and burn diseased leaves/plants.

(4) Care should be taken that water from a diseased field does not flow into an adjacent healthy field.

13. How to control Paddy False Smut Disease?

(1) Selection of disease free seeds

(2) Use of nitrogenous fertilizers as per recommendation.

(3) Remove light and diseased seeds floating on top by immersing the seeds in two percent solution of salt.

(4) At tillering stage spray Mancozeb 25 gm or Carbendazim 50% WP 10 gm or Chlorothalonil 75% WP 10 grams or Propiconazole 25 EC 1 ml mixed with 10 liters of water.

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

14. How to control weeds in paddy?

For effective weed control in transplanted paddy hand weeding once in 30 days after transplanting. In case of labor shortage fifth day after transplanting spray benthiocarb 1 kg of active ingredient per hectare. There must be enough water in the field while giving the weedicide and also maintain sufficient water level in the field after giving the medicine.

15. How to control Pest in paddy crop?

Integrated pest management (IPM) should be adopted for pest control in paddy crop.

(1) Pest resistant varieties should be selected for sowing.

(2) Using light cages to attract insects

(3) Use chemical fertilizers only as recommended. Do not use excessive nitrogenous chemical fertilizers.

(4) Filling the paddy furrow with water as required.

(5) Transplanting of paddy should be done in the first week of early July.

(6) Spray Imidacloprid 3 ml in 10 liters of water for effective control of sucking pests.

(7) It is recommended to apply 30 kg Carbofuran per hectare in two installments (30-35 days after transplanting and thereafter 15-20 days) against stem borer infestation.

(8) If armyworm infestation is found, spray with Carbaryl 10% or Quinalphos 1.5% (20-25 kg/ha) in the evening.

For further information contact nearest Agriculture University Research.

Also Read………Elephant Foot Yam Farming

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

16. What to do to control sucking pest in paddy?

Carbofuran 3g (30kg/ha) or Cartap hydrochloride 4g (25 kg/ha) in two installments (first installment 25-30 days after sowing and second installment 15-20 days thereafter). Imidacloprid 17.8 SL (3ml/10L) (water) can also be sprayed.

17. Paddy transplanter will be suitable in paddy?

For Demonstration of paddy transplanter visit nearest Rice Agriculture Research station.

18. Is harvesting wheat crop after paddy reduce production?

Both paddy and wheat are cereal crops  obtain nutrients from the topsoil. As a result, when the wheat crop is taken after paddy, if the manure is not applied during land preparation and the recommended chemical fertilizers are not applied, the wheat crop is likely to yield less.

19.Can paddy be grown in poor water/saline water ?

If the water is salty, it will be difficult to grow paddy.

Frequently asked questions-PADDY|Instant Solutions on FAQs

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