Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

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Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

About Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

NameGypsophila or Baby’s Breathe
Scientific NameGypsophila paniculata
FamilyCaryophyllaceae
OrderCaryophyllales
Origin CountryEurasia, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific Islands

What is Greenhouse or protected Cultivation?

  • Green House/Protected cultivation is a farming technique, where the micro-climate around the plant is partially or completely controlled according to plant growth requirements.
  • As agricultural techniques have improved, various new protected cultivation practices have emerged, and progressive farmers are growing high-value flowers in greenhouses.

Also Read…….Fodder Sorghum (Jowar) Farming


Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe Introduction:

  • Gypsophila is native to Eastern Europe but is now grown in greenhouses and fields all over the world.
  • Gypsophila is commonly known as “BABY’S BREATH”. Indian climate is suitable for growing Gypsophila.
  • This plant is a very hardy perennial plant with a very deep sooty root system. The stem is thin and stiff to form a girth of the plant, and the internodes are swollen.
  • The leaves are opposite, small, narrowly lobed, often serrated with a bluish-green tinge, and the inflorescences are found on relatively small flowering plants, which are usually found in numerous branched short inflorescences.
  • Each small flower is found in 3-10 mm diameter with white or pink petals.

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Importance and uses of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

  • Flowers are in great demand in the Indian agricultural market because they are mostly used by Indian people for decoration at social and cultural events, for making bouquets, and for many other aesthetic purposes.
  • The demand for Gypsophila is also increasing day by day in the Indian market. That’s why farmers are also interested in cultivating this flower.
  • These flowers are used as cut flowers and additional parts of the bouquet are used as filler in the bouquet.
  • Light airy clusters of small white or pink flowers make a nice contrast to the larger flowers, usually at mega-cities, wedding receptions, and romantic rose bouquets in the UK.
  • New trends in floristry favored by celebrity and designer florists include gypsophila in fashionable table arrangements and wedding bouquets that incorporate gypsophila and a few exotic leaves.

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Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

 Varieties of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

  • Gypsophila paniculata,
  • Gypsophila elegans,
  • Gypsophila repens,
  • Gypsophila muralis,
  • Gypsophila oldhamiana,
  • Gypsophila perfoliata

Improved Exotic Varieties of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

  • Zinzi asuka,
  • Cosmic,
  • Starryy night,
  • Orstar, adoratta,
  • White victoria,
  • Pearl petite,
  • Gypsy white,
  • Pearl ginga,
  • Andromeda,
  • Xinzhi tyree,
  • Xinzhi discovery,
  • Noya,
  • Magnet,
  • Excellence,
  • Dynamic love,
  • Hilola,
  • Shining white,
  • Vivo,
  • Pearl blossom,
  • Orion,
  • Galaxy million stars,
  • White top,
  • Cassiopeia,
  • Stella,
  • Overtime,
  • Fun time ultra,
  • Gypso king,
  • Tango,
  • Summer sparkles,
  • Rumba,
  • Gypso queen,
  • Bravo,
  • Fun time,
  • More luck,
  • My pink,
  • Bambino,
  • Mirabella,
  • Hila,
  • Allegro,
  • White fire,
  • pink glory,
  • Gypsy queen,
  • Inbaal,
  • Danapurna,
  • Party time,
  • Double time,
  • Picrolina,
  • Blacrenives,
  • Summer snow,
  • Hora,
  • Naya prem,
  • Naya Asha,
  • Perfect moon dust

Also Read…….Drumstick Farming (Moringa)


Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Sowing Methods of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

Method of Bed Preparation:

  • In general, Gypsophila is grown on high beds with easy movement and good pulling power.
  • The composition of the bed for planting should be such that, the bed is very porous, well-drained capacity, pH between 5.5 to 6.5, E.C. should be less than 1.0 millisiemens/cm.
  • Soil should have sufficient aeration to the root system.
  • It is recommended to improve soil texture and provide gradual nutrition.
  • Sometimes sand and rice bran are recommended to improve soil drainage capacity.
  • If the foundation soil is black, to improve drainage capacity and avoid water logging at the bottom kankri or muram (6” feet layer) should be added.

Ingredients used for preparation of Bed

IngredientsSticky soilLoamy Soil
Red soil5560
Pebbles1510
manure3030
Rice husk

 

4 kg/m22.5 kg/m2

 

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Quantity of Basic Fertilizer Requirement (After Preparation)

AreaFertilizerQuantity
100 sq ftDiammonium Fertilizer

 

2.00 Kg
100 sq ftMagnesium Sulphate

 

0.50 Kg
100 sq ftPilates

 

5 ml/liter
100 sq ftHumiguard200 gram

It should be mixed well in the upper 6” soil layer, then water should be given depending on the condition of the soil.

Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Sowing of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

  • For planting, row-to-row spacing of 50 cm and the distance from plant to plant is 30 cm.
  • Planting one additional plant in every 1 square meter area. While planting, don’t put the root ball directly in the bed, instead make small holes and put the root ball in it.
  • The root ball should be 0.5 to 1 cm above ground.

Irrigation Requirement of Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe

  • Gypsophila’s water requirement is 4 liters/square meter/day
  • After planting, watering should be done 3 to 4 times a day for a week using watering cans or sprinklers.
  • From the second week onwards, the full requirement of water should be applied through drip irrigation.
  • Therefore, place three laterals per row, dripper to dripper distance 30 cm, and Dripper Discharge 1.3 ltr/hr.

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe fertilizers management

  • For optimum growth and development of crops micronutrients like 19:19:19 and 16:8:24 should be mixed and sprinkled at the rate of 20 grams/1000 liters of water.
  • Add organic matter every three months to improve soil structure and porosity.
  • Soil separation should be done at least twice a year.

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe plants support

  • For successful cultivation of gypsophila, it is necessary to support it with mesh, if it does not get enough support for ripening, it breaks. As a result of this, there will be development of Zig Zag branches.
  • Netting should be done within 3 weeks of planting.
  • First net 20 × 20 and 30 cm height, second net 20 × 20 cm and 45 cm height, fix the strings at 60 cm height so that the plant stays inside the box.
  • Use nylon string for support.

Also Read…….SILAGE-GREEN FODDER PICKLE FOR CATTLE


Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe Pinching

  • To produce high-quality Gypsophila, flattening is an essential management.
  • Pinching involves removing the top bud of the main stem at the initial stage and leaving 8 to 10 pairs of leaves (internodes) on the plant.
  • Generally, flattening is mandatory after 5 to 6 weeks after planting and is done before 9 o’clock in the morning by flattening it sprouts on both sides of the plant and gets more flowers.
  • Plucking is done only in the life cycle of the shoot (2 years).
  • Immediately after flattening it is necessary to sprinkle fungicide on that part to avoid fungal infection.

 Gibberellic Acid (GA 3) Extract:

  • To ensure uniform expansion of seedlings spraying should be done with GA3 @150 ppm (0.15 g/l) solution or 0.001% @ 5 ml/l (before 8 am) or late evening (at 5 pm)

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe-Plucking and post-plucking techniques

  • The peduncle in which 30 to 40% of the flowers are open should be harvested.
  • The flowers turn brown due to the delay in sowing. To save the net of the upper part of the flowers, take out the flowers from the lower side of the net.
  • The harvested sticks are placed on the upper string and immediately tied into five sticks and placed in a bucket containing the post-harvest solution.
  • Don’t harvest flowers without sunlight or post-harvest solution.
  • Fill the bowl with 3 to 5 liters of solution, so that enough food is available for the process of opening the flowers.

Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe Insect-Pest Management

  1. Leaf Miner:
  • Control Measures:
  • Spinosad 45 SC:2.5 ml/liter of water
  • Novaleuron 10 % EC: 1 ml/litre of water
  1. Caterpillars:
  • Control Measures:
  • Cypermethrin 25% EC:1.5 ml/litre of water
  1. White Flies:
  • Acetamiprid 20% SP: 3 ml/litre of water
  1. Thrips:
  • Fipronil 5% SC-1 ml/litre of water
  • Spinosad 45 SC-2.5 ml/liter of water

Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) Greenhouse Cultivation

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe-Diseases Management

  1. Root rot:
  • Control Measures:
  • Drenching (Carbendazim 50 WP)-2 g/litre of water
  • Drenching (Carbendazim 12 + Mancozeb 63 WP)-1 g/litre of water
  1. Alternaria:
  • Spray (Mancozeb 75 WP)-1.5 gram/liter of water
  1. Powdery Mildew:
  • Control Measures:
  • Spray (Wettable Sulfur 80 WP)- 1.5 gram/litre of water
  • Bacterial Fungus:
  • Control Measures:
  • Spray (Streptocycline)-0.5 ml per litre of water
  • Spray (Copper Oxychloride)- 1.5 gram per litre of water
  • For the prevention of any other species of fungus, spray Azoxystrobin (20 % w/v) 30 ml/15 liters in a pump.

Chemicals used after pickling:

  • This solution is critical to providing the best opening and long vase life of the grafted flowers. Any one of the following seems to be effective in increasing the vase cover.
  1. Silver thiosulfate an ethylene inhibitor 0.15 % (4.5 ml in 3 litres).
  2. Chrysal (2 ml/Litre).
  3. Chrysal (2 ml/Litre) + white sugar 5% (150 grams in 3 litres).

Gypsophila or Baby’s Breathe yield

Million Star :10-12 stems per plant per flush

Other Varieties : 8-12 stems per plant per flush

FAQs

1. What is the scientific name of baby's breath?

Ans: The scientific name of baby's breath is Gypsophila paniculata.

2. Why is baby's breath called baby's breath?

: Because baby's breath is used as baby shower gift in various countries.

3. What are the different variety/species of Gypsophila?

• Gypsophila paniculata, • Gypsophila elegans, • Gypsophila repens, • Gypsophila muralis, • Gypsophila oldhamiana, • Gypsophila perfoliata

4. What is the yield of Gypsophila?

Ans: Average yield of Gypsophila ranges from 08-12 stems per plant.

Also Read…….Frequently asked questions-PADDY

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