Artemisia Farming

Artemisia Farming

Artemisia Farming

About Artemisia Plant:

NameArtemisia
Botanical NameArtemisia vulgaris L.
KingdomPlantae
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginChina
Major Growing CountryIndia, Australia, Argentina, Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Italy, Spain, and the USA.
Major Indian State Growing  ArtemisiaGujarat-Anand-District, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu
Common NameMugwort, Indian Wormwood,
Hindi NameNagoda
Plant typeShrubs
Category PlantMedicinal Plants
Used to cure DiseaseMalaria
Flower ColorLight Yellow
Flowering SeasonAugust-November Month

Artemisia Farming

Introduction Artemisia Plant:

  • Artemisia is a medicinal plant also known as wormwood that grows in temperate and tropical regions.
  • The original place of origin of Artemisia is considered to be China.
  • Apart from China, it is produced on a large scale in countries like Kenya, America, Tanzania, and Vietnam.
  • It is produced on a large scale in countries like Vietnam.
  • In India, its cultivation has started in Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat.
  • Artemisia contains a compound called ARTEMISININ.

Artemisia Farming    Also Read Basic Steps of Organic Farming, Methods 


Why Grow Artemisia Plant?

  • Even in the twenty-first century, approximately one million people die worldwide every year due to a disease known since ancient times.
  • The ARTEMISININ present in Artemisia protects against Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, the parasites responsible for malaria.
  • Due to this reason, the demand of ARTEMISININ-containing drugs in the world has increased so that maximum economic benefits can be obtained from the cultivation of ARTEMISIA in India.

Artemisia Farming


Plant structure of Artemisia Plant:

  • Artemisia is a perennial herb with a branched, medium-thick stem and a sweet scent.
  • Its leaves are linear and edged at both ends.
  • Its flowers are yellow in color and sit on slender stems, in which fruit containing one seed developed.
  • The seeds are medium yellow to brown in color with very fine oval shape and shiny surface.
  • The height of the Artemisia plant is about 8 to 9 feet.
  • The green pulp of Artemisia contains 0.05 to 0.17% ARTEMISININ.
  • Furthermore aromatic oils can also be obtained from them which are used in making perfumes, cosmetics, skin medicine, etc.

Artemisia Farming           Also Read  Agnihotra Farming


Soil and Climate of Artemisia Plant:

  • Since the seeds of Artemisia are small, it is necessary to prepare the soil very well for the nursery.
  • The soil should be leveled after two or three ploughings with a plow or a hoe, after adding well-mixed manure and lighted manure.
  • About 250 to 500 grams of seeds are required for planting one hectare and sowing seeds in a nursery in the second week of October.
  • It takes about 6 to 8 weeks for the seedlings to be ready.

Artemisia Farming


Transplanting and Spacing of Artemisia Plant:

  • From the results of the research center at some Agriculture University, planting of Artemisia for maximum dry leaf production and economic benefit to the farmers.
  • It is recommended to grow the Artemisia plant at a 60 x 60 cm distance in the third week of December.

Manure and Fertilizers of Artemisia Plant:

  • For higher production of Artemisia dry matter generally, 10 tons of Farm yard manure should be applied,
  • 1-ton castor cake and 60 kg Nitrogen and 60 kg phosphorus should be applied per hectare in the base for higher crop growth and yield.
  • After 30 and 45 days of sowing give 30 kg Nitrogen per ha as supplementary fertilizer.

Artemisia Farming


Irrigation Management of Artemisia Plant:

  • As per type of soil give 06-08 irrigation to Artemisia plant up to harvesting.

Inter culturing and Weed Management of Artemisia Plant:

  • After 20 to 25 days after the sowing of the crop, weeding and inter-culturing should be done.
  • Inter culturing will keep the soil loose and replenished resulting in better plant growth.

Artemisia Farming         Also Read  Zero Budget Natural Farming


Pests of Artemisia Plant:

Sucking Pest:

  • Sucking pest causes damage by sucking sap from the leaf which stunts the growth of the plant.
  • Azadirachtin 1 EC 20 ml mix in 10 liters of water for control of this pest and spray over affected Artemisia

Artemisia Farming

Disease of Artemisia Plant:

(1) Leaf spots:

  • This disease is usually seen around 50 days after sowing these crops.
  • Brown spots fall on the leaf after which the leaf dries up.
  • Before infestation of leaf spot disease spray Carbendazim 50% w.p. 10 grams in 10 liters of water or by spraying Dithan M-45, 27 grams in 10 liters of water.

(2) Root Rot Disease

  • Overwatering can cause root rot, so be careful not to overwater the crop during any crop growth stages.

Artemisia Farming


Harvesting of Artemisia Plant:

  • Generally, it is imperative to harvest the crop after 135 to 150 days after transplanting and before flowering.
  • Harvesting before flowering gives maximum production of dried leaves which are high in ARTEMISININ and aromatic oil.
  • This crop is harvested 15 to 20 cm from the soil with a shovel and cut from the top.
  • After that, the plant is dried in the sunlight for 2 to 3 days.
  • Leaves are dried in the shade for 4-5 days after removing the twigs and other waste in the leaves.
  • After the leaves are completely dried, they are packed in bags and stored in a clean and ventilated warehouse.

Artemisia Farming

Yield of Artemisia Plant:

Dry matter yield: 3500 to 4000 kg/ha.

Artemisia Farming           Also Read DRONE USE IN AGRICULTURE


Summary of Artemisia Plant Farming:

Artemisia, a medicinal plant, is a perennial herb with a branched, medium-thick stem and a sweet scent. Originating in China, it is grown in temperate and tropical regions, including India, Australia, Argentina, Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Italy, Spain, and the USA. Artemisia contains a compound called ARTEMISININ, which protects against Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, the parasites responsible for malaria.

The plant’s green pulp contains 0.05 to 0.17% ARTEMISININ and can be used in perfumes, cosmetics, and skin medicine. To grow Artemisia, it is recommended to plant it at a 60 x 60 cm distance in the third week of December. Proper soil preparation, fertilization, and inter-culturing are essential for optimal growth.

Pests such as sucking pests, leaf spots, and root rot disease can be controlled with Azadirachtin 1 EC 20 ml mix in 10 liters of water. Harvesting is crucial after 135 to 150 days after transplanting and before flowering, resulting in maximum production of dried leaves high in ARTEMISININ and aromatic oil. It yields Dry matter 3500 to 4000 kg/ha. The dried leaves are packed in bags and stored in a clean and ventilated warehouse.

Artemisia Farming


Artemisia Farming      Also Read JIVANTI-DODI FARMING

FAQs:

1. What is the Botanical name of Artemisia Plant?

Artemisia vulgaris L.

2. Which compound present in Artemisia plant is useful to cure Malaria?

Artemisia contains a compound called ARTEMISININ

3. What are the benefits of growing Artemisia plant?

It is useful to cure MALARIA. The ARTEMISININ present in Artemisia protects against Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, the parasites responsible for malaria. Due to this reason, the demand of ARTEMISININ-containing drugs in the world has increased so that maximum economic benefits can be obtained from the cultivation of ARTEMISIA in India.

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