Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

What is Agricultural Implements?

An Agricultural Implements are those implements which are used in various Agricultural operations from sowing to harvesting of the crops. Techical and right use of these implements can increase the crop yield, which strengthen farmers and country’s economy.

Top Agricultural Implements Manufactures in India

  1. Mahindra
  2. Shaktiman
  3. Lemken India
  4. Fieldking
  5. LandForce
  6. Khedut
  7. Kartar
  8. Agristar
  9. MaschioGaspardo
  10. Pubert
  11. Dasmesh
  12. Shaktiman
  13. Mahindra and Mahindra 
  14. Escorts Agri Machinery
  15. Sonalika 
  16. HMT Limited
  17. Crossword Agro Industry

Major Agricultural Implements used in Agriculture are:

  1. Disc plough
  2. Disc Harrow
  3. Rotavator
  4. Land Leveler
  5. Sub Soiler
  6. Hole digger
  7. Zero Till harrow
  8. Paddy Transplanter
  9. Self-Propelled Power Weeder
  10. Self-Propelled Vertical Conveyor Reaper
  11. Combine harvester etc

Benefits of using Agriculture Implements

  • Hydraulic reversible disc plough useful in primary tillage in dry, hard and heavy soils and 100% of the land is plowed in one run.
  • Disc harrows are used for breaking up the clods in the second series of tillage and make ready soil for the sowing process.
  • Using Rotovator puddling can be done with plow in paddy fields. Crop stalks can be cut and mixed into the soil. It is also useful for puddling before paddy planting.
  • Land leveler can level the field as per the farmer’s desire.
  • Sub soiler is useful in breaking the bottom layer of soil (hard pan) at a depth of 95 cm, the compaction power of soil is increased.
  • Post hole digger useful for digging pits for planting horticulture or other types of plants and for digging pits for fencing around fields.
  • Zero till harrow is useful to make maximum use of the moisture of the last rains for sowing non-irrigated crops or directly sowing seeds and fertilizers in fallow fields after paddy harvesting.
  • Paddy transplanter is useful for transplanting paddy plants in the field.
  • Self-propelled power weeder is used to remove standing weeds in the field.
  • Self-Propelled Vertical Conveyor Reaper is used for harvesting paddy, wheat, sorghum, millet and fodder crops.
  • Combined harvester is useful for timely harvesting and threshing of crops.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(1) Hydraulic reversible disc plough:

  • This type of plough consists of main frame, disc assembly, rock shaft and spring based furrow wheel and gauge wheel. A few other models have disc plough with 2, 3 and 4 bottoms.
  • The discs can be hydraulically rotated so that ploughing can be done simultaneously. It can be increased or decreased as per requirement.
  • Its disc angle is 40 to 45 degree, depending on the cutting width and tilt angle is 15 to 25 degree depending on the depth.

Usage:

  • Hydraulic reversible disc plough is useful for primary cultivation. This plough is especially useful for hard, dry stony and sticky soils where soil erosion is a major problem.

Advantages:

  • According to Agronomy, deep tillage should be done every three years so that the fertility and productivity of the soil is maintained. Soil-borne disease-pests are destroyed. This tool is especially useful for that purposes.
  • Useful in primary tillage in dry, hard and heavy soils.
  • 100% of the land is ploughed in one run.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(2) Disc Harrow :

  • A tractor-driven disc harrow consists of two gangs to which two discs are attached. One behind the other attached to the front of the gang throws the soil outwards and the other rear gang throws the soil inwards. So no tillage is done with the help of offset disc harrow.
  • Disc harrow is a tertiary/secondary tillage tool which is also used for primary tillage.
  • Disc harrows are useful for breaking up the clods that occur during the primary row tillage process.

Usage:

  • Disc harrows are used for breaking up the clods in the second series of tillage and ready for the sowing process.

Advantages:

  • After primary ploughing, the land is leveled by breaking the clods together.
  • Regular tillage involves soil preparation.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(3) Rotavator:

  • It consists of a mild steel frame, a rotary shaft on which a number of blades, usually ‘J’ shaped, are arranged depending on the size, a power exchanging system and a gear box of power therein drive is from the tractor PTO.
  • Rotavator is used for second category tillage.
  • Good tillage and measured excavation of the soil is achieved with one revolution of the rotavator.
  • It is also useful to remove obstacle straw and manure.
  • Both ploughing and harrowing are done simultaneously with a rotary tiller.

Usage:

  • Use of rotary tiller in arable land
  • For second category crops.
  • It is also useful for puddling before paddy planting.

Advantages:

  • Cultivated land can be immediately prepared for planting the next crop.
  • Light tillage does not break the hard layer of the soil.
  • Puddling can be done with plow in paddy fields.
  • Crop stalks can be cut and mixed into the soil.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(4) Laser Land Leveler:

  • This tool is used to level the soil so that irrigation water is evenly spread over the soil for as long as the crop remains in the field, and thus to increase production capacity.
  • Also prevents soil erosion.
  • A laser land leveler can level the ground better than other common methods. With the help of a laser land leveler, after one-time adjustment work, it works automatically and level the ground uniformly.

Usage:

  • It can level the field as per the farmer’s desire.

Advantages:

  • By leveling the land, irrigation can be done to make the crops uniform.
  • Soil fertility is maintained.
  • A uniform depth of water can be filled in paddy fields.
  • The same depth of water is maintained.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(5) Sub Soiler:

  • Its beam, which is made of high carbon steel, has a beam support that is attached to the upper and lower edges for insulation, a polo steel adapter is welded to the bottom end of the beam to form a sear base.
  • The sear base has a square portion. The sear plate is made of high carbon steel.
  • It protects the set board or bottom from the adapter for the shank drill and counter bore.
  • A sub soiler is useful where the land has not been tilled for many years
  • Breaks deep soil layers.

Usage:

  • It is used to break up hard soil and to improve drainage and help absorb water into the soil.
  • A small tunnel in the ground joins as a drainage channel.

Advantages:

  • By breaking the bottom layer of soil (hard pan) at a depth of 95 cm, the compaction power is increased.
  • It helps to maximize the use of rainwater for crops in arid and semi-arid areas.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(6)Post hole digger:

  • The post hole digger is connected to three points of the tractor and driven by the tractor PTO shaft. The pit depth and diameter can be varied with the agar assembly.
  • Useful for digging pits for planting the tree.

Usage:

  • Also useful for digging pits for planting horticulture or other types of plants and for digging pits for fencing around fields.

Advantages

  • Horticulture crops, agro forestry crop can be uniformly sown in the pit using hole digger.
  • Pits of uniform size can be made for growing trees.
  • By the preparation of pits, the problem of farm labor can be avoided and the cost can be reduced.
  • Pits can also be dug in relatively hard soil.
  • Increases the percentage of trees growing and surviving.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(7) Zero Till harrow:

  • It consists of frame, seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanism, seed tube, furrow opener, seed operating lever, transport cum power transmitting wheel.
  • The frame is made of mild steel. The tines are connected with the help of lamps to get infinite space between the rows.
  • The main difference between zero till seed drill and conventional drill is T-type furrow opener and Tine type furrow opener.
  • The main advantage of this T-type slim shovel is low draft and easy penetration deep into the soil.
  • It is used to harvest wheat in a field that is ready after rice harvest.
  • Saves time and energy as there is no tillage.
  • Zero tillage also saves soil moisture.

Usage:

  • It is useful to make maximum use of the moisture of the last rains for taking non-irrigated crops or directly sowing seeds and fertilizers in fallow fields after paddy harvesting.

Advantages:

  • It is especially beneficial for the cultivation of non-irrigated crops like wheat, gram, mustard etc.
  • Last rains, irrigation water moisture can be utilized to the maximum in crop production.
  • Symmetrical and uniform planting maximizes seed utilization and increases the percentage of crop emergence.
  • Cultivated area can be fully utilized.
  • Crop production and productivity are increased and costs can also be reduced.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(8)Paddy Transplanter:

  • This machine is one wheel driven and coupled with a diesel engine.
  • The machine is of the riding type and move through the nursery in four, six and eight rows.
  • The front wheel receives power from a V-belt, a cone clutch and a gear box.
  • A propeller shaft receives power from a gear box for plant manipulation.
  • The belt converts the motion obtained by the pulley into spherical motion. A gear and a universal joint are connected in such a way that both can move in the same direction.
  • A rod is attached to the tray in such a way that the tray can move in the opposite direction by the time it reaches an end at the end.

Usage:

  • Useful for transplanting paddy plants in the field.

Advantages

  • Paddy is planted evenly with 2 to 4 chips. Seedlings can be fully utilized and puddling does not disturb the soil.
  • Optimum utilization of land area increases production and reduces cost of production.
  • The problem of farm labor can be avoided if paddy planting operations are done simultaneously.
  • A distance between two rows and two plants can be maintained.
  • Paddy planting can be speeded up and cost can be reduced by doing this.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(9) Self Propelled Power Weeder:

  • This is an automatic mechanical power receiving device and carry out weeding operations in the field.
  • Its engine is started with petrol and can be continued with kerosene if needed.
  • It can be used for weeding in different crops that have more than 30 cm inter-row spacing like groundnut, sugarcane, cotton, coconut, maize, soybean, pea etc.

Usage:

  • This tool is used to remove standing weeds in the field

Advantages:

  • In standing crops, weeding can be done uniformly and quickly.
  • Light intercropping also occurs simultaneously.
  • The problem of farm labor can be avoided.
  • Timely weeding can increase crop production and reduce crop production costs.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(10) Self Propelled Vertical Conveyor Reaper:

  • This machine consists of a combination of crop separation, star circle, cutting blade, conveyor layer.
  • This type of machine cuts the crop vertically, leaving a neat, uniform bunch from one end down, making it easy for humans to collect the crop. There are reapers that are automatic and walk and sit.
  • This type of reaper is useful for wheat and rice.

Usage:

  • This machine is used for harvesting paddy, wheat, sorghum, millet and fodder crops.

Advantages:

  • Crops can be harvested uniformly and well.
  • As the crop can be harvested on time, the labor cost can be greatly reduced.
  • Quality of crop production can be maintained and production can be increased.
  • NEXT crops can be planted on time.
  • Maximum crops can be saved from damage caused by sudden changes in weather, unseasonal rains.

Agriculture Implements

Agriculture Implements

(11)Combine harvester

  • Different types of combine harvesters have cutter bars 2 to 6 meters long. Its function is cutting and threshing.
  • It consists of a header unit, a harvesting unit and a grain separation unit as well as a grain cleaning and collecting unit.
  • The function of the header is to cut the crop and transport it to the threshing cylinder.
  • Rill bar push crop and Cutter Bar cuts it.
  • The threshing of the crop is done by the rubbing crop between the cylinder and the concave.
  • The cleaning process consists of two sieves and a fan.

Usage:

  • This machine is used for harvesting and threshing of standing crops like wheat.

Advantages:

  • Grain can be prepared by uniform and thorough harvesting and threshing.
  • Timely harvesting and shredding of crops can be done.
  • Quality of crop production is maintained and production can be increased.
  • Subsequent crops can be planted on time.
  • Maximum crops can be saved from damage caused by sudden changes in weather, unseasonal rains.
  • Deterioration of crops by animals and birds can be prevented.

Agriculture Implements

Summary:

Agricultural implements are essential tools used in various agricultural operations, from sowing to harvesting crops. The right use of these implements can increase crop yield, strengthen farmers, and the country’s economy. Major agricultural implements include hydraulic reversible disc ploughs, disc harrows, rotavators, land levelers, sub soilers, hole diggers, zero till harrows, paddy transplanters, self-propelled power weeders, vertical conveyor tractors, and combine harvesters. Hydraulic reversible disc ploughs are useful for primary tillage in dry, hard, and heavy soils, plowed 100% of the land in one run.

Disc harrows are used for breaking up clods during the second series of tillage and making the soil ready for sowing. Rotavator is used for second category tillage, achieving good tillage and measured excavation with one revolution. It is also useful for stubble straw and manure. Land levelers level the soil to ensure irrigation water is evenly spread over the soil for as long as the crop remains in the field, increasing production capacity and preventing soil erosion. A laser land leveler can level the ground better than other common methods, leveling the field as per the farmer’s desire.

Sub soilers break up hard soil layers, improve drainage, and help absorb water into the soil. Post hole diggers are used for digging pits for planting horticulture or other plants and for fencing around fields. They can be used for uniformly sowning agro-forestry crops, making uniform-sized pits for growing trees, reducing farm labor problems, and increasing tree growth and survival. Zero till harrows are used for maximizing the use of moisture in fallow fields after paddy harvesting, sowing seeds and fertilizers, and transplanting paddy plants. These implements are essential for timely harvesting and threshing crops, ensuring the health and productivity of farmers and the country’s economy.

The Paddy Transplanter is a wheel-driven machine with a diesel engine that can be used for transplanting paddy plants in the field. It is suitable for planting evenly with 2 to 4 chips, maximizing land area utilization, and reducing costs. The machine also helps in weeding crops with over 30 cm inter-row spacing, reducing labor issues and increasing crop production. The Self Propelled Power Weeder is an automatic mechanical device that performs weeding operations in the field. It is suitable for weeding various crops with over 30 cm inter-row spacing, reducing labor costs and increasing crop production.

The Self Propelled Vertical Conveyor Reaper is a combination of crop separation, star circle, cutting blade, and conveyor layer, suitable for wheat and rice. The Combine Harvester is a machine that consists of cutter bars 2 to 6 meters long, which performs cutting, threshing, and threshing. It consists of a header unit, harvesting unit, grain separation unit, and grain cleaning and collecting unit. The machine is used for harvesting and threshing standing crops like wheat, ensuring uniform and thorough harvesting, timely harvesting, increased crop production, and protection against damage from weather and unseasonal rains.

Agriculture Implements

FAQs

1.What are the implements of agriculture?

Major Implements of Agriculture incluses tractor, combined harvester, Seed Driller, Land Leveller, Disc Harrow, paddy transplanter, weed remover etc.

2.Who are the major Agriculture Implements manufacturer in India?

Mahindra, Shaktiman ,Lemken India, Fieldking,LandForce,Khedut,Kartar,Agristar, MaschioGaspardo,Pubert, Dasmes,Shaktiman, Mahindra and Mahindra,Escorts Agri Machinery, Sonalika ,HMT Limited, Crossword Agro Industry etc

3. What is the Agriculture Implements?

An Agricultural Implements are those implements which are used in various Agricultural operations from sowing to harvesting of the crops. Techical and right use of these implements can increase the crop yield, which strengthen farmers and country’s economy.

4. What are 4 implements used in farming?

Kudali, Dhariya, Sickle, Axe, Tractor etc

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